BAQUBA - Diyala General Hospital in the provincial capital Baquba has been
hit by a severe lack of supplies amid ongoing attacks by militants.
Located 50km northeast of Baghdad, the city of Baquba has become known now
for both the huge US military operations and the presence of al-Qaeda.
The shortages coupled with a lack of basic infrastructure have left the largest
hospital in Diyala province short of supplies, and staffed by terrorized doctors
often unable to do their job.
Diyala General Hospital, built in the 1970's, has never been adequately supplied
ever since the devastating Iran-Iraq war of the 1980s and the dozen years of
economic sanctions since the early 1990s.
When the US-led occupation began in April 2003, administrators promised reconstruction
and rehabilitation of Iraq's healthcare system. It never came. This hospital,
like countless others in Iraq, is in a far worse condition today than even during
the sanctions period when more than half a million Iraqi children died from
malnutrition, disease and lack of adequate healthcare.
The problems appear to begin and end with lack of security.
"One day, a number of Iraqi army casualties caused by a suicide car bomb
were brought to the hospital by a military patrol," Mohammed Ali, a 39-year-old
orthopedic surgeon told IPS. "The soldiers began to insult the staff, and
hit two physicians after ordering them to leave other patients and treat the
wounded soldiers first."
Doctors announced a strike, Ali said. "A few days later the head of the
physicians syndicate called an end to the strike after intervention by the mayor."
But doctors have continued to face abuse, Nasseer Adil, a 42-year-old pathologist
told IPS. "It has become very normal that any person can come and insult
anyone in the hospital."
Over time, the abuse and threats have driven many doctors to leave their job,
and when they can, the country.
"The staff members began to come to work intermittently, and sometimes
we could hardly see one physician in the whole hospital," Haleem Kareem,
a 46-year-old receptionist at the hospital told IPS.
Dr. Ahmed Shibad, a 30-year-old orthopedic surgeon, fled the hospital for Syria
four months ago after he said he received death threats from Iraqi soldiers
backed by US forces.
During an interview with IPS in Damascus in May he said, "The Iraqi forces
who regularly came into the hospital to order us around and abuse us were supported
by the American military. The American soldiers watched the Iraqis do this to
us, and this is another reason why I left."
By October 2006, 18,000 Iraqi doctors, over half of all doctors in Iraq, had
fled the country, according to a report by Radio Free Europe.
Now many people in Baquba go to private clinics in hope of better treatment
and security. But while the main hospital offers free treatment, private
clinics can be expensive.
Violence continues to plague the Baquba hospital. "The fighters used to
attack Iraqi army soldiers who used to bring their casualties and bodies to
the hospital," Hadi Sadeq, a 40-year-old official in the emergency unit
told IPS. "For this reason staff quit, and people in need of treatment
Complicating matters further has been corruption within Iraq's Ministry of
Health in Baghdad.
The ministry, which is run by officials loyal to Shi'ite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr,
has been accused of favoring Shi'ite areas in Iraq. Baquba, a mixed area, has
been considered a Sunni area by the ministry.
Doctors at Diyala General Hospital told IPS they believe that the Health Ministry
has hindered the supply of medical equipment and supplies to their hospital
for sectarian reasons.
"The Diyala director-general of health was kidnapped in the building of
the Health Ministry itself, and was later killed in Sadr city," Majid Ibrahim,
a 48-year-old ophthalmologist told IPS. "It is a well-known incident, admitted
even by the health minister, Dr. Ali al-Shamary."
A hospital worker, speaking on condition of anonymity, told IPS that lately
the government has been trying to increase protection for the hospital but that
"unfortunately, the guards are all Shi'ite."