BAQUBA - Battles between rival Shia groups have spread from Basra in the south
to Baquba in the north.
Clashes between the Mahdi Army of Shia cleric Moqtada al-Sadr and the Badr
Organization militia of the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council (SIIC) have been
reported in the predominantly Shia district of Hwaider in Baquba, the capital
city of Diyala province located 25 mi. northeast of Baghdad.
The fighting for control of Baquba has left at least seven dead and several
more wounded, according to local doctors.
"Police chief Ghanim al-Qureyshi gave orders to control the fighting
in this district very secretly," a policeman in the 2nd battalion told
IPS on the condition of anonymity. "The 2nd battalion of Iraqi police
moved to Hwaider, whose people witnessed severe military clashes between the
Mahdi Army and police."
The policeman said that U.S. jets and helicopters launched attacks to target
Mahdi Army fighters. But rather than Mahdi Army members, two policemen were
wounded, he said. "After that, U.S. troops stormed houses to search for
the Mahdi militants." The policeman and two others said politicians from
Diyala province attempted to conceal the incident.
"A big verbal quarrel took place [in the governor's office] between al-Qureyshi,
who is a Badr [Organization] member, and followers of Sadr," a second
policeman said. "The Sadrists accused Qureyshi of targeting the Mahdi,
and the governor tried to end the conflict."
Many in Baquba believe the root of the conflict is control of money and power
in the province ahead of elections slated for October. They say this was behind
the recent attempt of Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki to take control
of Basra, an attempt that failed miserably.
"All the fighting is for money," Haider Abu Ali, a resident of Baquba,
told IPS. "These councils are money factories. Millions of dollars can
be stolen through them, and this is why Iraq has turned from bad to worse."
A resident of Hwaider spoke with IPS on condition of anonymity. "A week
ago, for the first time, written messages were dropped at night in the predominantly
Shia districts and towns like Hwaider, Khirnabat and Abara," he said.
"These messages were a threat to members of the Badr Organization, warning
them they would be killed if they kept targeting the Mahdi. The messages were
signed by the Mahdi Army."
It is widely known that Badr Organization members comprise a large portion
of the government security forces.
The new inter-Shia fighting complicates the situation, as the predominantly
Sunni Sahwa forces are also vying for control of parts of Baquba.
The Sahwa, referred to as Awakening Groups by the U.S. military, were formed
to battle al-Qaeda. Members are paid $300 a month by occupation forces and
now number over 80,000 across Iraq. The Sunni-dominated groups form a counterweight
to the government security apparatus, which has long been known to comprise
primarily Shia militiamen.
"The Sahwa took the position of the monitor; they are now watching how
the Shia fight each other after they destroyed the province," said Abu
Ali. "They proved that Shia religious parties cannot rule the people."
The inter-Shia fighting in Baquba has come as no surprise to residents; it
was expected when the situation in Basra exploded. "When the fight started
in Basra, we expected a lot of fighting in Baquba since there are Shia districts
here," a local trader said. "I, my neighbors, and relatives did not
go to work because the clashes were expected."
Residents say the fighting was covered up to maintain an illusion of Shia
unity against the Sahwa forces in the city.