CAIRO - A week after the unveiling of a Franco-Egyptian cease-fire proposal
aimed at stopping the bloodshed in the Gaza Strip, Palestinian resistance faction
Hamas and, on the face of it, Israel are still discussing the fine print of
"Details of the proposal remain unclear," Abdelaziz Shadi, coordinator
of Cairo University's Israeli studies program told IPS. "Both sides are
still in the process of studying its terms to determine whose interests it
On Jan. 6, President Hosni Mubarak and his French counterpart Nicolas Sarkozy,
in the region for a round of shuttle diplomacy, unveiled a three-point initiative.
It calls for a temporary cease-fire by both sides to allow aid into the Gaza
Strip; holding talks with Israeli and Palestinian representatives in order
to "secure" the border area and reopen the Rafah border crossing
between Egypt and the Gaza Strip; and the renewal of dialogue between rival
Hamas officials have given the initiative a cautious welcome, but insist that
the agreement must unequivocally guarantee the reopening of the Gaza's Strip's
borders, currently sealed by the Israeli and Egyptian authorities.
"Hamas will not accept the cease-fire proposal unless it results in the
lifting of the ongoing Israeli siege of the Gaza Strip," leading Hamas
member Moussa Abu Marzouk said Jan. 9.
Ever since Hamas seized the Gaza Strip from the U.S.-backed Palestinian Authority
in the summer of 2007 (having won legislative elections a year earlier), the
coastal territory has been subject to a crippling "embargo" that
has brought it to humanitarian ruin. Backed by the U.S. and EU, the de facto
siege continues to deprive the strip's 1.5 million inhabitants of desperately
needed food, medicine, and fuel.
For the last three days, Hamas officials have been meeting with Egyptian mediators
in Cairo to discuss the proposal in detail.
On Monday, the state press quoted an unnamed official as saying that talks
were proceeding "positively." Egypt and Hamas, he was quoted as saying,
"shared unanimous views on the need to reach an immediate cease-fire to
stem Palestinian bloodletting."
On the same day, however, Salah al-Bardaweel, Hamas MP and member of the Hamas
delegation in Cairo, was quoted as saying that the agreement's main points
were "still subject to debate."
"We've told the Egyptians that we have some reservations about certain
articles of the proposal, and these reservations are still under discussion,"
al-Bardaweel said. "We're not talking about them publicly, though, as
we still hope to reach an agreement in keeping with Palestinian interests."
Israeli spokesmen, meanwhile, welcomed the proposal, provided that it stipulates
a halt to rockets fired from the Gaza Strip and to alleged weapons smuggling
across Egypt's border with Gaza. In the coming days, Israeli defense official
Amos Gilad is expected to visit Cairo his second trip in a week
to discuss the proposal with Egyptian officials.
Aymen Abdelaziz Salaama, professor of international law at Cairo University,
doubts the proposal would yield significant gains for the Palestinian side.
"Firstly, the agreement as it now stands reflects the military
situation on the ground, in which Palestinians are being killed in scores on
a daily basis," Salaama told IPS. "Secondly, the U.S. and the EU
both appear to sympathize with Israel's position, and will unlikely put pressure
on Israel to halt the aggression before it accomplishes its military goals."
A recent UN Security Council (UNSC) resolution, meanwhile, has been no more
effective in stopping Israel's war on the Hamas-run enclave, now approaching
the end of its third week.
Although the UNSC adopted a resolution on Jan. 8 calling for an immediate
cease-fire, Israel quickly declared its intention to continue military operations
in the Gaza Strip. "The Israeli Defense Forces will continue acting in
order to attain the goals of the operation," Israeli officials declared
in a statement last Friday.
"I'm not surprised. The UNSC resolution has no teeth," complained
Shadi. "It lays down no specific mechanisms for implementing a cease-fire,
or states how exactly Israel should be pressured into abiding by its terms."
According to Shadi, only Egypt as one of the few states to have a working
relationship with both Israel and Hamas stands a chance of hammering out
a mutually acceptable cease-fire agreement.
"Egypt has means of pressuring both sides," he said. "As the
biggest Arab country to have diplomatic relations with Israel, it can put pressure
on Israel; meanwhile, it can use the Egypt-Gaza border as leverage with Hamas."
Shadi went on to point to Egypt's central role in brokering a six-month truce
last summer between Israel and Palestinian resistance factions chief among
them Hamas in the Gaza Strip. The expiration of that cease-fire agreement
on Dec. 19 directly preceded the launch of Israel's current campaign against
Notably, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood opposition movement which is ideologically
close to Hamas has rejected the Franco-Egyptian initiative outright.
"The Muslim Brotherhood rejects the proposal because the only clear stipulation
so far is for a temporary cease-fire and for both sides to show 'restraint'
as if the two sides were military equals," Hamdi Hassan, prominent
MP for the Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt's largest opposition movement, told IPS.
"And the rest of the articles, on the border and other issues, remain
"What's more, the proposal completely ignores any reference to Israel's
continued commission of war crimes against Gaza's civilian population,"
Hassan added. "Not to mention its practice of targeting mosques and religious
structures, or its frequent use of illegal weapons."