FALLUJAH - Babies born in Fallujah are showing illnesses and deformities on
a scale never seen before, doctors and residents say.
The new cases, and the number of deaths among children, have risen after "special
weaponry" was used in the two massive bombing campaigns in Fallujah in
After denying it at first, the Pentagon admitted in November 2005 that white
phosphorous, a restricted incendiary weapon, was used a year earlier in Fallujah.
In addition, depleted uranium (DU) munitions, which contain low-level radioactive
waste, were used heavily in Fallujah. The Pentagon admits to having used 1,200
tons of DU in Iraq thus far.
Many doctors believe DU to be the cause of a severe increase in the incidence
of cancer in Iraq, as well as among US veterans who served in the 1991 Gulf
War and through the current occupation.
"We saw all the colors of the rainbow coming out of the exploding American
shells and missiles," Ali Sarhan, a 50-year-old teacher who lived through
the two US sieges of 2004 told IPS. "I saw bodies that turned into bones
and coal right after they were exposed to bombs that we learned later to be
"The most worrying is that many of our women have suffered loss of their
babies, and some had babies born with deformations."
"I had two children who had brain damage from birth," 28-year-old
Hayfa' Shukur told IPS. "My husband has been detained by the Americans
since November 2004 and so I had to take the children around by myself to hospitals
and private clinics. They died. I spent all our savings and borrowed a considerable
amount of money."
Shukur said doctors told her that it was use of the restricted weapons that
caused her children's brain damage and subsequent deaths, "but none of
them had the courage to give me a written report."
"Many babies were born with major congenital malformations," a pediatric
doctor, speaking on condition of anonymity, told IPS. "These infants include
many with heart defects, cleft lip or palate, Down's syndrome, and limb defects."
The doctor added, "I can say all kinds of problems related to toxic pollution
took place in Fallujah after the November 2004 massacre."
Many doctors speak of similar cases and a similar pattern. The indications
remain anecdotal, in the absence of either a study, or any available official
The Fallujah General Hospital administration was unwilling to give any statistics
on deformed babies, but one doctor volunteered to speak on condition of anonymity
-- for fear of reprisals if seen to be critical of the administration.
"Maternal exposure to toxins and radioactive material can lead to miscarriage
and frequent abortions, still birth, and congenital malformation," the
doctor told IPS. There have been many such cases, and the government "did
not move to contain the damage, or present any assistance to the hospital whatsoever.
"These cases need intensive international efforts that provide the highest
and most recent technologies that we will not have here in a hundred years,"
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) expressed concern Mar.
31 about the lack of medical supplies in hospitals in Baghdad and Basra.
"Hospitals have used up stocks of vital medical items, and require further
supplies to cope with the influx of wounded patients. Access to water remains
a matter of concern in certain areas," the ICRC said in a statement.
A senior Iraqi health ministry official was quoted as saying Feb. 26 that the
health sector is under "great pressure", with scores of doctors killed,
an exodus of medical personnel, poor medical infrastructure, and shortage of
"We are experiencing a big shortage of everything," said the official,
"We don't have enough specialist doctors and medicines, and most of the
medical equipment is outdated.
"We used to get many spinal and head injures, but were unable to do anything
as we didn't have enough specialists and medicines," he added. "Intravenous
fluid, which is a simple thing, is not available all the time." He said
no new hospitals had been built since 1986.
Iraqi Health Minister Salih al-Hassnawi highlighted the shortage of medicines
at a press conference in Arbil in the Kurdistan region in the north Feb. 22.
"The Iraqi Health Ministry is suffering from an acute shortage of medicines...We
have decided to import medicines immediately to meet the needs."
He said the 2008 health budget meant that total expenditure on medicines, medical
equipment and ambulances would amount to an average of 22 dollars per citizen.
But this is too late for the unknown number of babies and their families who
bore the consequences of the earlier devastation. And it is too little to cover
the special needs of babies who survived with deformations.
(Inter Press Service)