With Arkan Hamed
BAGHDAD - As violence continues throughout much of Iraq, many Sunni political
and religious leaders continue to urge their followers to resist launching reprisal
Scores of Iraqis, Sunni and Shia alike, are being killed daily. Recent incidents
of violence included an assassination attempt on senior Sunni leader Adnan al-Dulaimi,
who leads the Sunnis' largest parliamentary bloc. Al-Dulaimi survived the attack
that killed one of his guards.
According to Sheik Ahmed Abdul Ghafour Al-Samaraie, who heads the Sunni Endowment
in the Iraqi government which takes care of Sunni mosques, 45 Sunni preachers
and mosque staff have been killed in the recent violence.
Last Friday, which is the most significant day of prayer for Muslims, found
another daytime curfew in the capital city, which forbade all vehicular traffic.
Nevertheless, at the Sunni Abu Hanifa Mosque in Baghdad, hundreds of worshippers
walked past Iraqi security forces to pray.
"We cannot accept tribalism, clannishness, partisanship, or fanaticism," said
the iImam of the mosque, Sheik Muayad Al-Adhami, to the worshippers. "We are
ordered by the prophet Muhammad to put all of these out of souls. We should
all be one people."
Inside the mosque, whose main wooden gate was damaged in a recent attack, Sheik
Al-Adhami told the worshippers he condemned the acts of violence against both
Sunni and Shia, and blamed "foreigners" for the violence, instability, and the
recent bombing of the Golden Mosque in Samarra.
"We call all of you Muslims to adhere to your doctrines and beliefs," the Imam
urged. "Keep your eyes on the religion we are all worshipping."
After the imam concluded the prayers, many worshippers weary of the violence,
tension, and curfews said solidarity and calm were the answer to the crisis.
"The sheik expressed our feelings: we must call for unity and not give any
reason to the invaders to feel they have divided us," 45-year-old Akram Hamaidan
told IPS. "Since you are a journalist, please tell the world that we should
keep our souls clear from hatred, revenge, and offenses."
With little hope in sight for a solution to the bloody chaos in Iraq, people
like Salam al-Sultan feel that the only solution is unity against foreign influences
and reliance on their faith.
"These days we are always facing dangers day and night," said the 66-year-old
retired merchant. "Fear is our breakfast due to the shooting at night, road
explosions in the middle of the day, and detentions and killings all around
us." But he added, "We should not ask for revenge. We ask God to forgive them."
Nevertheless, politically, the situation in Iraq falls deeper into chaos.
Leaders of three political parties, including Kurds and Sunnis, recently agreed
to ask the main Shia bloc to withdraw Ibrahim al-Jaafari's nomination for prime
minister. The letter received by Shia officials requested they put forth a new
candidate for the position, which led an aid to al-Jaafari to lash out at the
Kurdish and Sunni political leaders who mounted the campaign to have him removed
from his post.
Meanwhile, according to Jaafari's aide Haider al-Ibadi, the Shia United Iraqi
Alliance (UIA) have said they will not change him as their candidate.
This move by the Kurdish and Sunni secular political groups has been perceived
by the UIA as influenced by U.S. meddling in the affairs of the new Iraqi government.
The move further complicates the goal of an inclusive Iraqi government. Talks
over this had crumbled last week after Sunni parties withdrew in protest when
Sunni mosques were attacked in retaliation for the bombing of the al-Ashkari
shrine in Samarra.
Nineteen-year-old university student Ali Samir said his religion was under
attack from the occupation forces. "Those criminals, we should stand in front
of their aims," he said while holding a banner that read, "No God but God,
Muhammad messenger of God."
"Those invaders are not just crushing our mosques," he said. "We should defend
our beliefs, because I don't accept to see my brothers be humiliated."
(Inter Press Service)