For those tracking the long train of abuses and
usurpations of a modern-day George who would be king and his eminence grise
behind the throne, July 14 has a resonance far beyond the fireworks of Bastille
Day. Four loosely related events on that same day four years ago throw revealing
light on key ingredients of the debacle in Iraq.
First, on July 14, 2003, the Washington Post
and other papers carried a column by Robert Novak titled "Mission to Niger,"
in which he set out to do the White House's bidding by disparaging former ambassador
Joseph Wilson and punishing him by making it impossible for his wife, Valerie
Plame, to continue working in her chosen (covert) profession. The White House
offensive against Wilson had been in the planning stage for several months.
Novak's column was, in effect, the first shot in a sustained, rapid-fire volley
aimed at neutralizing Wilson and deterring other potential truth-tellers who
might be tempted to follow his example.
The former ambassador had spent several days in the African country of Niger
at the CIA's behest to investigate a dubious report in which Vice President
Dick Cheney had taken inordinate interest – a strange story that Iraq was seeking
to acquire yellowcake uranium from Niger. For substantive reasons, serious intelligence
analysts had judged the report false on its face, well before they learned it
was based on forged documents.
But the vice president had taken quite a shine to it. As a result, in February
2002 four-star Marine Gen. Carlton Fulford Jr. (then deputy commander of the
United States European Command with purview over most of Africa) and Ambassador
Wilson made separate journeys to Niger to investigate the report. They both
found it spurious. Hence, they and U.S. ambassador to Niger Barbro Owens-Kirkpatrick
were amazed when President George W. Bush used the same cockamamie report in
his State of the Union address on Jan. 28, 2003, to help build a case for attacking
After confirming that Bush was using the same dubious "evidence"
and after attempting in vain to get the White House to correct the record, Wilson
went public on July 6, 2003, with an op-ed in The New York Times titled
"What I Didn't Find in Africa." This brought White House wrath down
on him. Cheney and his chief of staff, Irv Lewis "Scooter" Libby,
went on the offensive, throwing friendly journalists like Novak into the fray.
Novak's July 14 column reflected Cheney's neuralgic reaction not only to Wilson's
New York Times piece, but also to his July 6 remark to the Washington
Post that the administration's use of that bogus report "begs the question
regarding what else they are lying about." So unambassadorial. But Wilson
was angry – and with good reason.
Lying the Country Into War
Reflecting the concern driving the White House
counteroffensive, Novak wrote that the administration's "mistake"
in using the Iraq-Niger report "led the Democrats ever closer to saying
the president lied the country into war." That concern, coupled with the
priority need to protect the vice president, showed through in the defensive
tone of Novak's protestation that it was "not just Vice President Dick
Cheney" who had asked the CIA to look into the report.
Wilson's op-ed forced the White House to acknowledge that the spurious Iraq-Niger
report should have found no place in Bush's State of the Union address. White
House spokesman Ari Fleischer, while packing his bags to leave that post, took
time to memorize the main talking point for use with reporters. Without even
being asked about Cheney's role, Fleischer was quick to offer instant, gratuitous
insistence that the vice president was not guilty of anything. At the same time,
then-CIA director George Tenet did his awkward best to absolve Cheney of any
responsibility for giving the Iraq-Niger story more legs and credence than,
by any objective measure, it deserved.
That this was a matter of protesting too much can be seen in Libby's Herculean
effort earlier in the year to crank the Iraq-Niger story – as well as a host
of other far-fetched charges against Iraq – into then-Secretary of State Colin
Powell's embarrassing speech at the UN on Feb. 5, 2003. While Powell let himself
be browbeaten into using much of the spurious material urged on him by Libby,
the Iraq-Niger fairy tale had long since taken on an acrid smell. Besides, Powell's
own intelligence analysts had branded the report "highly dubious,"
and, for once, he listened.
In the end, Powell decided to throw virtually everything but the kitchen sink
into his UN speech condemning Saddam Hussein. The kitchen sink was the Iraq-Niger
report. When asked why he did not include that story, when President Bush had
featured it with such solemnity just a week before in his State of the Union
address, Powell damned it with faint praise, publicly describing the report
as "not totally outrageous."
White House officials calculated correctly that a four-star Marine general,
even a retired one, could be counted on to keep his mouth shut rather than expose
his former commander-in-chief in a bald-faced lie. But they "misunderestimated"
Joseph Wilson, who turned out to be a man of substantial integrity and courage.
Wilson saw the Iraq-Niger report as a consequential lie – a monstrous one, in
that it greased the skids for launching a war of aggression, condemned at the
post-WWII Nuremberg Tribunal as the "supreme international crime."
And rather than grouse about it with knowing smirk, cigar, and sherry in Georgetown
drawing rooms, as is the more familiar practice among retired ambassadors, Wilson
And so on July 14, 2003, Robert Novak slipped
into his familiar role as "conservative" pundit and launched the White
House counteroffensive. As for friends Cheney and Libby, the best idea they
could come up with to divert the focus from themselves was to spread the word
that Wilson's wife, a CIA employee, had sent him to Niger on some kind of boondoggle.
(I know; I know. Please stop laughing, those of you who have been in Niger.
And Wilson performed his investigation gratis).
House pundits and other co-travelers then eked almost four years of mileage
out of the next White House diversion; namely, the claim that Valerie Plame
was not really undercover. Under strong White House pressure to delay, top CIA
functionaries were in no hurry to set that record straight and avoided doing
so until March 14, 2007, when the patience of Henry Waxman (D-Calif.), chair
of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, ran out. CIA Director
Michael Hayden confirmed to Waxman that Plame had been undercover until Robert
Novak blew that cover, that Plame had been a covert employee, whose status with
the CIA was classified information. Waxman has made that public. But (surprise,
surprise) this has not stopped "neoconservative" drummers from continuing
to beat drums of doubt.
The Vice President's Man
Cheney's chief of staff, "Scooter" Libby,
agreed to take the hit and was convicted of perjury and obstruction of justice.
In his closing argument, special counsel Patrick Fitzgerald made it clear that
the role of Vice President Dick Cheney in blowing Valerie Plame's cover remains
the key mystery, and that Libby's lies ensured that Cheney's role would remain
a mystery. Fitzgerald could hardly have made this key finding clearer:
"There is a cloud over the vice president. … And that cloud remains
because this defendant obstructed justice. … There is a cloud over the
White House. Don't you think the FBI and the grand jury and the American
people are entitled to straight answers?"
Libby was convicted, and it was widely expected that President Bush would pardon
him. Not yet. A pardon would have allowed Fitzgerald to put Libby back on the
stand having forfeited the advantage of being able to plead Fifth Amendment
protection against self-incrimination. So the Bush/Cheney lawyers advised the
president to defer a pardon until later and simply commute Libby's 30-month
jail sentence. The president commuted it to zero before Libby spent one day
According to Michael Isikoff, veteran investigative journalist for Newsweek,
there was no doubt where Cheney stood on the need to spare Libby before the
rigors of prison might prompt him to sing about Cheney's and Bush's own knowledge
of and involvement in what Libby had been doing. And there was no doubt about
the powerful influence the vice president had on the commutation decision. One
White House adviser told Isikoff, "I'm not sure Bush had a choice; if he
didn't act, it would have caused a fracture with the vice president." Interesting.
So who is in charge over there?
So Libby walks, and Bush and Cheney remain protected precisely because, as
Fitzgerald put it, "Libby threw sand in the eyes of the FBI and grand jurors,
obstructed justice, and stole the truth from the judicial system."
Out of a similarly cynical past, Ollie North's reported words come immediately
to mind: "Is this a great country or what?" In any case, this new
donnybrook started with Novak's column four years ago, on July 14, 2003.
Second, that same day we Veteran Intelligence
Professionals for Sanity (VIPS) sent a formal memorandum to President Bush,
recommending strongly that he "ask for Cheney's immediate resignation."
This unprecedented appeal even caught the eye of the corporate press – the more
so, inasmuch as our memorandum for the president reviewed some of the deceit
engineered by the vice president in conjuring up a rationale for war on Iraq
and leading the cheerleading for it.
We noted that Cheney, skilled at preemption (and an expert on clouds), had
stolen a march on his vacationing colleagues by launching, in a major speech
on Aug. 26, 2002, a meretricious campaign to persuade Congress and the American
people that Iraq was about to acquire nuclear weapons. That campaign mushroomed
in early October, with Bush and his senior advisers raising the specter of a
"mushroom cloud" over American cities. (Never mind how Iraq could
mount such a strike with no nuclear weapons and no delivery systems with enough
range.) To any serious onlooker, the synthetic mushroom clouds bore the label
"made in the office of the vice president."
And poor George Tenet. In his recent book he complains that Cheney's claim
on Aug. 26, 2002, that Iraq would acquire nuclear weapons "fairly soon"
did not square with the intelligence community's assessment that Iraq could
not do so until the end of the decade, if then. The former CIA director adds,
"I was surprised when I read about Cheney's assertion, 'Simply stated,
there is no doubt that Saddam Hussein now has weapons of mass destruction.'"
Tenet whines that the vice president did not send him an advance copy of the
speech. Not one to cause trouble, the malleable CIA director quickly got over
it, and told CIA analysts to compose the kind of National Intelligence Estimate
(NIE) that would provide ex post facto support for Cheney's bogus assertions
and help deceive Congress into approving war.
Tenet believes President Bush, too, was blindsided by Cheney, and writes lamely,
"I should have told the vice president privately that, in my view, his
speech had gone too far … and not let silence imply agreement."
But wait, George. You were, by law, the president's principal intelligence
adviser. Did it not occur to you to fulfill your statutory responsibility and
tell the president what was going on? At very least, you might have summoned
the courage to resist Cheney's pressure for a dishonest NIE – the one you signed
on Oct. 1, 2002 – to support an unnecessary war with the entirely predictable
consequences the world is now experiencing.
Afraid of being cut from the White House team? Were you not smart enough to
recognize this as, in any case, inevitable? And, please, you are very familiar
with Georgetown University's propensity for hiring celebrities, including war
criminals like Douglas Feith. There would always be a large, soft chair there
for you. Ironically, that's where you now sit anyway – having brought disgrace
to the profession of intelligence analysis and fitting right in with the Feiths
of this world.
They Knew All Too Well
In fact Cheney, as well as Tenet, knew very well
that Cheney's assertions were lies. How? Saddam's son-in-law, Hussein Kamel,
whom Saddam had put in charge of chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons,
as well as missile development, told us when he defected in mid-1995 that all
(that's right, ALL) such weapons had been destroyed at his order in July 1991
after the Gulf War.
And not only that. In mid-2002, Iraq's foreign minister, Naji Sabri, whom my
former CIA colleagues had recruited in place, was telling us the same thing.
When CIA operations officers, justifiably proud at having recruited Sabri, briefed
the president and his senior advisers on what Sabri had said, they were astonished
to be treated like skunks at a picnic – shocked to experience firsthand that
their hard-won intelligence was decidedly not welcome. They had used almost
every trick in the thick book of tradecraft to "turn" the foreign
minister and get him working for us. Now they were being told that the White
House wanted no further reporting from him: "This isn't about intel anymore.
This is about regime change."
Astonished Tenet was not. From the documentary evidence in the authoritative
Downing Street minutes we know that he told the chief of British intelligence,
Richard Dearlove, during his visit to CIA headquarters on July 20, 2002, that
the intelligence was being "fixed" around the policy. That is precisely
what Dearlove reported back to then-prime minister Tony Blair and his senior
national security officials at Downing Street three days later.
Meanwhile, former UN inspectors like Scott Ritter were saying that some 90
percent of the WMDs Iraq earlier possessed had been destroyed – some during
the Gulf War in 1991, but most as a result of the inspections conducted by the
UN. No one had seen any of the "missing" 10 percent, and even freshmen
analysts found it unprofessional to apply to serious intelligence work either
the newly introduced concept of "faith-based analysis" or, worse still,
the Rumsfeld Theorem: "The absence of evidence is not evidence of absence."
The intelligence from Hussein Kamel and then-Iraqi foreign minister Ali Sabri,
sources with the best access imaginable and proven track records for reliability,
was suppressed in favor of "evidence" like the Iraq-Niger report.
When finally (but still before the war started) U.S. officials were forced to
concede that the Iraq-Niger information was based on a forgery, lawmakers like
Congressman Waxman hit the roof. But it was too late.
On March 16, 2003, three days before President Bush let slip the dogs of war,
NBC's Tim Russert braced Cheney with the assertion by the head of the International
Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) that Saddam Hussein did not have a nuclear program.
Cheney strongly disagreed and claimed support for his view from the CIA and
other parts of the intelligence community. He even ratcheted up his bogus assessment
of Iraq's nuclear capability: "We believe he [Saddam] has, in fact, reconstituted
"We?" Perhaps Lynne Cheney was on board with that judgment. But there
were precious few, if any, other true believers. Indeed, the nuclear claim was
simply fabricated, with fabric made of whole cloth. Contrary to Cheney's claims,
the most knowledgeable analysts – those who knew Iraq and nuclear weapons –
scoffed at Cheney's brand of faith-based intelligence analysis.
In our July 14, 2003, memorandum to President Bush urging him to demand Cheney's
resignation, we warned the president that if he did not, intelligence analysts
would conclude that the best way to climb the ladder of success is to acquiesce
in the cooking of their judgments, since neither senior nor junior officials
would ever be held accountable.
Third, on July 14, 2003, Congressman Dennis Kucinich
(D-Ohio), frustrated by all the deceit regarding WMDs, had a room reserved for
11:00 a.m. in the Rayburn Office Building for a briefing on weapons of mass
destruction, if any, in Iraq. Star witness was Lt. Col. Andrew Wilkie, formerly
a senior intelligence analyst working in Australia's CIA equivalent, the Office
of National Assessments (ONA). Wilkie was the only allied intelligence officer
to refuse to take part in the dishonest charade leading to war on Iraq. He quit,
loudly, nine days before the war, when it became clear that his government had
decided to take part in launching an unprovoked war based on "intelligence"
he knew to be specious.
Veteran Intelligence Professionals for Sanity had invited Wilkie to Washington
(and had passed the hat around for his airfare and hotel.) At the Rayburn Building
briefing, Wilkie gave a low-key but devastating account of how he viewed from
his vantage point the corruption of intelligence to "justify" war
on Iraq. He stressed that, in view of the evidence he saw, he could not escape
the conclusion that war was totally unnecessary, partly because options short
of war had not been exhausted. Wilkie accused his government of taking a willing
part in fabricating the case for war:
"The claims about Iraq cooperating actively with al-Qaeda were obviously
nonsense. As was the government's reference to Iraq seeking uranium in Africa,
despite the fact that the Office of National Assessments, the Department of
Defense, and the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade all knew the Niger
story was fraudulent. This was critical information. It beggars belief that
ONA knew the story was discredited but didn't advise the prime minister; Defense
knew but didn't tell the defense minister, and Foreign Affairs knew but didn't
tell the foreign minister.
"Please remember the government was also receiving detailed assessments
on the U.S. in which it was made very clear the U.S. was intent on invading
Iraq for more important reasons than WMD and terrorism. Hence, all this talk
about WMD and terrorism was hollow."
Wilkie's testimony was electrifying. And three months later Wilkie was vindicated
when the Australian Senate, in a rare move, publicly censured the government
for misleading the public in justifying sending Australian troops off to war.
But on that day, July 14, 2003, in the Rayburn Building, 14 TV cameras, including
those of the corporate media, were whirring away, recording it all for history
and truth. Would this be a breakthrough enabling information-deprived TV viewers
to access some fact-based intelligence about how the U.S. got into the quagmire
Glued to the TV that afternoon and evening, we could find no coverage on any
channel. Zero. And it was a slow news day, as the pundits had not yet grasped
the significance of the Robert Novak column. However disappointed, Wilkie was
entirely professional about the experience. He assured us he had not been so
naive to believe that by loudly quitting ONA he could stop the juggernaut toward
war. And he was not surprised to find the U.S. media as domesticated as the
media in Australia.
To VIPs, though, Wilkie was an inspiration. What was clear to him was that
he had a moral duty to expose the deliberate deception in which his government,
together with the U.S. and UK, had become engaged. And, though he had to endure
the customary character assassination back home, he found vindication of a sort
in the subsequent censure of his government by the Australian Senate. We were
also pleased that Andrew Wilkie agreed to join Katharine Gun, formerly of British
intelligence, Maj. Frank Grevil, formerly of Danish intelligence, and former
UK ambassador Craig Murray as part of the "coalition" contingent of
Fourth, (as if further proof of duplicity
were needed): on July 14, 2003, President Bush, during a Q and A session with
reporters after an Oval Office meeting with then-UN Secretary General Kofi Annan,
provided this remarkable version of why Saddam Hussein was to blame for the
"We gave them a chance to allow the inspectors in, and he [Saddam]
wouldn't let them in. And, therefore, after a reasonable request, we decided
to remove him from power, along with other nations [sic], so as to make
sure he was not a threat to the United States and our friends and allies
in the region."
Compare that statement to that of Kofi Annan on March 17, 2003, announcing
his reluctant withdrawal of UN inspectors from Iraq, made necessary by the imminent
shock, awe, and invasion:
"Yesterday [we] got information from the United States authorities
that it would be prudent not to leave our staff in the region. I have
just informed the Council that we will withdraw the inspectors."
Someone ought to tell the president that his version about Saddam Hussein refusing
to allow the inspectors in was Plan A; i.e., the plan worked out with the British
to "wrong foot" Saddam into such refusal by demanding the most intrusive
inspection regime in modern history – the kind that Saddam would be sure to
reject (or so it was thought). Washington and London would then have the casus
belli after which they had been lusting. (Plan A is fully described in official
British documents leaked to and published by the London press.)
Please, quickly, someone remind the president that, as things turned out, Plan
A was foiled; that Saddam outfoxed London and Washington by acceding to a very
rigorous inspection regime and that in early 2003 intrusive inspections, and
one-on-one interviews with Iraqi scientists, were being conducted without serious
interference (but, alas, with no success in finding WMDs). Please remind President
Bush that, nonetheless, someone who worked for him and Cheney abruptly told
Annan to pull out the inspectors two days before the attack on Iraq. Remind
Bush that he and Blair had to default to Plan B; i.e., get the UN inspectors
out of Iraq before it became even clearer that, if any WMDs were eventually
found, they would certainly not be of such quality or quantity as to pose a
In other words, Plan B was war without pretense. No one knew that better than
Kofi Annan. So it was difficult to watch him squirm on July 14, 2003, as Bush
played fast and loose with the facts… as the president continues to do, without
challenge from the corporate media. To wit, at his press conference on July
Q. Mr. President, you started this war, a war of your choosing. …Thousands
and thousands are dead … you brought the al-Qaeda into Iraq.
A. Actually, I was hoping to solve the Iraqi issue diplomatically. That's
why I … worked with the United Nations Security Council, which unanimously passed
a resolution that said disclose, disarm, or face serious consequences. That
was the message, the clear message to Saddam Hussein. He chose the course… It
was his decision to make. … I firmly believe the world is better off without
(An earlier version of this article appeared on Consortiumnews.com.)