With the purpose of "liberating" that city so
January elections can be held there, the U.S. military began the third invasion
of Fallujah on Monday. With the invasion now underway, it would be wise to
stop and consider the fruits borne by U.S. "liberation" efforts.
One of the main rationales offered for war in Iraq was that Saddam Hussein
was "one of the most cruel
and vicious tyrants in the history of the world," so the U.S. was obligated
to overthrow him and free Iraq from his oppressive rule. It was implied that
the Iraqis would welcome our armed invasion with open arms and flowers, and
though we wouldn't bother documenting civilian casualties, such would be negligible.
The handful of Iraqi civilians who were "accidentally" killed would, of course,
die proud in the knowledge that their deaths were a necessary evil in order
for their countrymen to taste freedom.
The Marxist notion that "the good of the many outweighs the good of the few"
continues to prevail in pro-war commentary, but even more common (though never
actually voiced) is a reliance on the old military doctrine, "Kill 'em all and
let God sort 'em out." Such a reliance is nowhere more obvious than in an editorial
by founder and CEO of WorldNetDaily, Joseph Farah. In April, angry about the
brutal killing of four U.S. mercenaries by Iraqi insurgents, Farah suggested
that we "make an example out of Fallujah." While admitting that "not all of
the Iraqi city's population, or even most of them, bear responsibility for the
despicable, cowardly attacks" on the four mercenaries, he said, "We may need
to flatten Fallujah. We may need to destroy it. We may need to grind it, pulverize
it and salt the soil, as the Romans did with troublesome enemies." Farah, a
professing Christian, neglected to explain how slaughtering the 300,000 citizens
of Fallujah harmonized with the warhawks' ostensible goal of liberating the
Iraqis from a "vicious" regime. To the detriment of the Iraqis, the "kill 'em
all and let God sort 'em out" doctrine has not been confined to pro-war rhetoric,
but is closely mirrored in the gritty reality of U.S. military actions in Iraq.
While most of the disturbingly frequent reports of civilian deaths in Iraq
categorize those deaths as "accidental collateral damage," a handful of stories
have surfaced about U.S. soldiers deliberately targeting Iraqi civilians.
Take, for instance, an interview
conducted by The Sacramento Bee with Staff Sgt. Jimmy Massey. Sgt. Massey,
who was honorably discharged from the U.S. Marines late last year, said,
"I was in charge of a platoon that consists of machine gunners and missile
men. Our job was to go into certain areas of the towns and secure the roadways.
There was this one particular incident ... that really pushed me over the edge.
It involved a car with Iraqi civilians. From all the intelligence reports we
were getting, the cars were loaded down with suicide bombs or material. That's
the rhetoric we received from intelligence. They came upon our checkpoint. We
fired some warning shots. They didn't slow down. So we lit [fired upon] them
up. ... This particular vehicle we didn't destroy completely, and one gentleman
looked up at me and said: 'Why did you kill my brother? We didn't do anything
wrong.' That hit me like a ton of bricks."
Further on in the interview, Sgt. Massey said, "We shot an individual with
his hands up. He got out of the car. He was badly shot. We lit him up."
One of the most
shocking examples of the U.S. military's war on the Iraqi citizenry came
to light just a few days ago. In August, The International Herald Tribune
reported, "U.S. troops fired on a garbage truck ... after mistakenly concluding
that it was planting roadside bombs," and in doing so severely wounded a 16-year-old
boy. "As U.S. medics rushed to treat [the wounded]," two soldiers approached
the Iraqi teenager and, as he "lay moaning on the ground" and "a relative of
the boy ... pleaded for U.S. troops to help him," the two soldiers shot the
boy to "put him out of his misery." In a rare show of justice, the two soldiers
have been arrested and will face a military tribunal. Six other Iraqi civilians
also died in the incident, however, and the soldiers who "accidentally" killed
them will not be tried.
Then there are the innumerable reports of "collateral damage."
In the early days of the war, a "heavy air raid by U.S. and British coalition
forces" on an area devoid of "military targets" killed
up to "50 civilians in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul." According to another
more recent report, the Iraqi health ministry reported that U.S. strikes "against
targets allegedly connected to al-Qaeda-linked extremist Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
near Fallujah" resulted in the deaths of as many as 44 people, many of whom,
Dr. Ahmed Halhlil, were women and children.
One of the more widely reported incidents
of the U.S. military attacking Iraqi civilians occurred in May of this year
when U.S. aircraft fired on a wedding celebration in the desert near the city
of Ramadi. "Footage of flesh, hair and musical instruments was filmed by a video
crew," and the attack apparently resulted in the death of Hussein Ali, "one
of Iraq's most famous wedding singers." The bodies "included children,
one of whom was decapitated," and according to a deputy police chief in Ramadi,
the attack killed "between 42 and 45 people." A local doctor confirmed "the
death toll was 45." While the U.S. maintains they fired only because they were
fired upon, the Iraqis claim
"revelers ... had been celebrating by shooting guns in the air before they came
under fire," and were not directing hostile fire at the U.S. military.
During the failed April invasion of Fallujah, "some 600 Iraqis were killed"
during the first two weeks of the month, "among them some 450 elderly people,
women and children." The organization Doctors Without Borders reported,
"U.S. Marines even occupied the hospitals and prevented hundreds of the wounded
from receiving medical treatment. Snipers fired from the rooftops at anyone
who tried to approach." Some months later, the Associated Press reported that
"U.S. warplanes repeatedly swooped low over Fallujah," and "one explosion went
off in a marketplace in Fallujah ... wounding several people and shattering
windows." According to various Iraqi hospital officials, "at least 20 people
were killed, including women and children, and 29 others wounded. An ambulance
rushing from the area of the blasts was hit by a shell, killing the driver,
a paramedic and five patients inside the vehicle." Rafayi Hayad al-Esawi, director
of the Fallujah General Hospital, concluded,
"The conditions here are miserable. ... The American army has no morals."
Saturday, U.S. air strikes "razed"
the "small Nazzal Emergency Hospital" in Fallujah. While there have not yet
been any reports of civilian casualties, "witnesses said only the facade remained"
and "a nearby medical supplies storeroom and dozens of houses were damaged."
As of Tuesday, at least 12 civilians in Fallujah had been killed, and 17 others,
"including a 5-year-old girl and a 10-year-old boy," had been wounded.
Similar reports abound. U.S. troops recently "set up checkpoints along major
routes into [Fallujah]. When a civilian vehicle did not stop at one of these
checkpoints, Marines opened fire, "killing an Iraqi woman and wounding her husband."
the car "didn't notice the checkpoint." A month ago, also
in Fallujah, a "family of six" was killed when "rockets fired from U.S.
jets leveled their house." Two months ago, Iraqi journalist Mazen al-Tumeizi
"I am a journalist. I'm dying, I'm dying," when "shrapnel from a rocket fired
by an American helicopter interrupted his live broadcast and slammed into his
back." In the same incident, "12 others were killed and 61 wounded by rockets
from two U.S. helicopters on Haifa Street in central Baghdad."
General Tommy Franks promised
at the outset of the war that the U.S. government would not conduct a body count
of the Iraqi civilians killed by coalition forces, but several independent organizations
have conducted such a count. Heralded as "the first reliable study of the death
toll from Iraqi and U.S. public health experts," a recent count conducted by
the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health concluded
that "about 100,000 Iraqi civilians – half of them women and children –
have died in Iraq since the invasion. ... The study, which was carried out in
33 randomly chosen neighborhoods of Iraq representative of the entire population,
shows that violence is now the leading cause of death in Iraq. Before the invasion,
most people died of heart attacks, stroke and chronic illness. The risk of a
violent death is now 58 times higher than it was before the invasion."
The organization Human Rights Watch says, "[H]undreds of civilian deaths in
the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq could have been prevented." Many of those
deaths were caused
by "the use of cluster munitions in populated areas," while others (perhaps
most) were a result
"of airstrikes by coalition forces." These "precision airstrikes" are often
anything but precise, writes
Marc Herold. "U.S. 'precision' projectiles have fallen in neighboring Turkey
and Iran. An early report mentioned U.S. missiles hitting structures in Iran's
city of Abadan and injuring two. On March 24th, another U.S. 'guided' missile
hit the Iranian town of Qasr-e-Shirin. Other 'guided' weapons have downed 'Allied'
aircraft, killed 'friendly' troops, etc."
On the rare occasions when the warhawks are forced to address the civilian
deaths in Iraq, they generally argue that a few must die so many might be free.
However, Jacob Hornberger writes, "Consider an example: Suppose that terrorist
Timothy McVeigh, instead of setting off his bomb in the Oklahoma City federal
building, had taken everyone in the building hostage, threatening to set off
a bomb that would kill, say, 1,000 people inside. Suppose McVeigh had said,
'If the president will order the killing of 50 federal agents who took part
in the Waco massacre, I will not set off the bomb and will release the 1,000
people in this building'...Would anyone honestly argue that the moral course
of action would be for the government to kill 50 innocent people in order to
free the other group of 1,000 innocent people?"
Mr. Hornberger's example of killing 50 innocents to save 1,000 is not quite
correct, though. Consider that Saddam Hussein is held responsible for the deaths
of an estimated 450,000 to 1,000,000 people over a 24-year rule, and that the
U.S. has caused the deaths of up to 100,000 in 20 months. Broken down, that's
1,562 to 3,472 deaths a month caused by Saddam and 5,000 a month caused by the
U.S. military. Clearly, the U.S. occupation has actually been worse for Iraq
than Saddam's dictatorial rule. It's no wonder that a recent poll found that,
though "most are glad Saddam Hussein is gone," 96
percent of Iraqis "believe their country is not safer than when he was in
The obvious solution to ending the slaughter of the Iraqi people at the hands
of the U.S. military is for that same military to withdraw from Iraq. An overwhelming
majority of Iraqis support that solution; the aforementioned poll also found
that "72 percent of Iraqis want the United States forces to leave." Even some
members of the military are disillusioned. One Marine, quoted by Christian
Science Monitor, said,
"'We just came here and [angered people] and killed a lot of innocent people.
... I don't enjoy killing women and children, it's not my thing."
If, as the warhawks tell us, the government truly purposes to safeguard the
best interests of the Iraqi citizenry, then the only course of action they should
be advocating is withdrawal.