With Ali al-Fadhily
BAGHDAD - The arrest warrant issued last week by the Iraqi government for
Sunni leader Dr. Harith al-Dhari has sent shock waves through the government
and galvanized much of the Sunni population.
Iraq's Minister of the Interior Jawad al-Bolani told reporters that Dhari
was wanted for inciting terrorism and violence. At the same time, Vice President
Tariq al-Hashimi said the warrant was "destructive to the national reconciliation
The 65-year-old Dhari heads the influential Association of Muslim Scholars
(AMS), the leading Sunni religious leadership of Iraq. Dhari is currently in
Jordan; he left Iraq five months ago in fear for his safety. The AMS is known
to have contacts with the Iraqi resistance and has been opposed to the U.S.
occupation and the U.S.-backed Iraqi government.
AMS has refused to participate in any political activity under the occupation
and has insisted on withdrawal of U.S. forces from Iraq so that elections and
other activities would be "honest and transparent."
Dhari denounced the warrant for his arrest as "proof of the failure and confusion
of the Iraqi government," and suggested that Shia ministers were attempting
to divert attention from security scandals that showed links between the militias
The Shia-dominated government is seen by Sunnis as responsible for widespread
killing of Sunnis through its death squads. Shias are the second-largest denomination
among Muslims worldwide. In Iraq, Shias form about 60 percent of the population
of 25 million. The minority Sunnis had been dominant under the regime of Saddam
Hussein, a Sunni Muslim.
Dhari called on Iraqis to be patient and not get dragged into such "conspiracies."
He said he would attend a court if government officials also came before the
same court to be questioned for crimes against the Iraqi people. But Sunni parties
are now threatening to withdraw from the unstable government.
The move by the Iraqi government has angered many Shias as well. The Shia
movement al-Khalissiya, led by Sheik Jawad al-Khalissi in Baghdad, has opposed
the arrest warrant. The group is also opposed to the occupation, together with
the AMS and other leaders who are part of the Iraqi Foundation Conference.
"It was a silly warrant that will only increase anger against a corrupt government,"
Khalissi stated on al-Sharqiya satellite channel. Khalissi went on to praise
Dhari for defending Iraqis regardless of their sect or religion.
Other groups are also supportive of the Sunni leader. "Dhari is the main Sunni
figure, and his association is considered the main Sunni representative in the
region," Talal Saied, a member of the Communist Party, told IPS in Baghdad.
"He was officially invited by most governments in the region to visit their
countries as a recognized leader, although he did not represent any government
office. He never talked for the Sunni sect alone and always forbade sectarian
killings against all Iraqis."
Dhari inherited some of his reputation from his grandfather Sheik Dhari, who
led the resistance against the British occupation of Iraq in the early 20th
century. Sheik Dhari killed Lt. Col. Gerald Leachman of the British army, who
was sent to Fallujah to quell rising resistance.
Harith al-Dhari's continuous opposition to the occupation has made him the
enemy of the United States and its Iraqi collaborators, while earning him widespread
respect from most Sunni and many Shia political and religious leaders.
Former Iraqi interim prime minister Iyad Allawi, who has known ties to the
CIA, has also condemned the warrant against Dhari.
Sheik Ali Karbalaai, spokesman for Shia Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, severely
criticized the warrant and called on the government to recognize the dangers
of such acts against the solidarity and security of the Iraqi people.
On the other hand, the Shia parties in power and their officials who have
often been accused of being loyal to Iran have led a harsh attack on Dhari,
accusing him of provoking sectarian problems. These groups have been supported
by President Jalal Talabani and the Kurdish parties.
(Inter Press Service)