Matilda is waltzing home from Iraq, and the Australians
are lucky but chastened.
Lucky for having lost not one soldier in combat of the 2,000 sent to join the
"coalition of the willing" attack on Iraq in March 2003.
Chastened because Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd is now pulling no punches
in decrying the subservience of his predecessor, John Howard, to Washington.
Announcing the withdrawal of the 550 Australian troops still in Iraq on Monday,
Rudd echoed recent charges by former White House spokesman Scott McClellan about
the Bush administration's "shading" of intelligence to "justify"
an unnecessary war.
Rudd told Parliament he was most concerned by "the manner in which the
decision to go to war was made; the abuse of intelligence information, a failure
to disclose to the Australian people the qualified nature of that intelligence";
and the government's silence on "the prewar warning that an attack on Iraq
would increase the terrorist threat, not decrease it."
"This government does not believe that our alliance with the United
States mandates automatic compliance with every element of the United States'
Stung by Rudd's candor, White House spokeswoman Dana Perino fell back on the
canard that "the entire world" agreed on the threat posed by Saddam
Hussein. As President Lyndon Johnson would have put it, that dog won't hunt.
If all agreed, why then was President George W. Bush unable to secure the approval
of the UN Security Council, without which an armed attack on another country
is illegal under international and U.S. law?
Among "coalition of the willing" leaders not named Bush, only the
faith-based former British Prime Minister Tony Blair hangs on pathetically to
the notion that "everyone" believed Saddam Hussein had WMDs.
This is particularly odd since Blair acknowledges the authenticity of the (in)famous
Downing Street Memos. Perhaps his conversion to Catholicism will prompt him
to confess that he lied – a reality long beyond dispute.
The Downing Street Truth
As some will recall, Blair sent his intelligence
chief off to Washington in summer 2002 to confer with his opposite number, and
Bush intimate, CIA Director George Tenet.
In the spring of 2005, a patriotic truth-teller leaked to British media the
minutes of a summit meeting of UK national security officials convened on July
23, 2002, at 10 Downing Street. (The minutes, which became known as the Downing
Street Memos, were composed that same day by one of those officials and sent
to the other participants.)
The minutes revealed that at CIA headquarters on July 20, 2002, Tenet informed
his British counterpart that President Bush had decided to attack Iraq for regime
change; that the war would be justified by the "conjunction" of weapons
of mass destruction and terrorism; and that "the intelligence and facts
were being fixed around the policy."
So we did not really need Scott McClellan's recent revelations to understand
that the intelligence was "fixed," even though our country's fawning
corporate media (FCM) made a Herculean effort to suppress this key evidence
– in part by ignoring and disparaging the Downing Street Memos when they surfaced
three years ago.
Among the saddest aspects of this whole affair, at least for those who have
been in the intelligence profession, is that no one within the U.S. intelligence
establishment saw fit to go public and disclose the deception that was being
used to "justify" a war of aggression. No one.
The only seasoned officials with the courage to speak out were three Foreign
Service officers – Brady Kiesling, Ann Wright, and John H. Brown – each of whom
resigned before the war since it was clear to them, even without access to the
most sensitive intelligence, that the war could not be justified.
As for intelligence officials outside the United States, there were several
profiles in courage.
Katharine Gun, a translator in the British equivalent of our National Security
Agency, did successfully leak a very damaging Jan. 31, 2003, memorandum from
NSA revealing that the U.S. and UK were pulling out all stops to sell the war,
even intercepting messages to UN delegations in New York and elsewhere.
It was all part of a last-ditch attempt to pressure nonaligned members of the
UN Security Council into acquiescing to the U.S./UK desire to strike Iraq. Gun
thought she might succeed in slowing or even stopping an attack on Iraq, if
the world learned the lengths to which Bush and Blair were going to have their
Gun's explosive document, carried by the London Observer on March 2,
2003 – just two and a half weeks before the attack on Iraq – was suppressed
or trivialized by the FCM in the United States.
(Gun, who acknowledged leaking the document, was fired and charged under the
Official Secrets Act. But the case collapsed when the British government balked
at providing evidence that might have disclosed some government law experts
had concluded that the Iraq invasion was illegal. Gun is now a member of VIPS/West.)
And after the war began, Danish Army Intelligence Major Frank Grevil gave the
Danish media documents showing that Danish intelligence had reported to its
government that the U.S. public rationale for war was not supported by authentic
Grevil (another VIPS member) was sentenced to four months in prison for his
efforts to tell the truth.
Andrew Wilkie: Rising to the Challenge
Until he quit nine days before the attack on Iraq,
Andrew Wilkie was a senior analyst in Australia's premier intelligence agency,
the Office of National Assessments (ONA).
Of all the Australian, British, and American all-source intelligence analysts
with direct knowledge of how intelligence was abused in the run-up to the war,
Wilkie was the only one to resign in protest and speak truth to power.
Those who dismiss such efforts as an exercise in futility should know that
on Oct. 7, 2003, the Australian Senate, in a rare move, censured then-Prime
Minister Howard for misleading the public in justifying sending Australian troops
off to war.
The Senate statement of censure noted that Howard had produced no evidence
to justify his claims in March 2003 that Iraq had stockpiles of biological and
chemical weapons, and it castigated him for suppressing Australian intelligence
warnings that war with Iraq would increase the likelihood of terrorist attacks.
One senator accused Howard of "unprecedented deceit."
Ask the American FCM why they ignored that story.
Thanks to Wilkie's courage and determination , many Australians were able to
come to an early understanding that the reasons adduced for war on Iraq were
cooked in Washington and served up by Australian leaders all too willing to
give unquestioning support to the Bush administration.
Those Australian leaders are now being held accountable.
VIPS invited Andrew Wilkie to Washington in July 2003 to speak at a briefing
arranged by Dennis Kucinich (D-Ohio) in the House Rayburn Building. There were
14 TV cameras in that room, but not one minute of TV coverage that afternoon
After his presentation, we strongly encouraged Wilkie to keep throwing light
on this dark chapter of history; he was pleased to join VIPS/East.
We expressed our hope that U.S. intelligence analysts who also watched the
deceit close-up would soon join him in speaking out. With a wan smile, Wilkie
shook his head and pointed to the cost, including the character assassination
to which he had already been subjected at the hands of his government.
One VIPS Testifies
On Aug. 22, 2003, Wilkie had an opportunity not
yet afforded any VIPS of the American, British, or Danish chapters. He laid
out his case before parliament in Canberra, testifying that the attack on Iraq
had little to do with WMDs or terrorism. One particularly telling part of his
"Please remember the government was also receiving detailed assessments
on the U.S. in which it was made very clear the U.S. was intent on invading
Iraq for more important reasons than WMDs and terrorism. Hence all this talk
about WMDs and terrorism was hollow. Much more likely is the proposition the
government deliberately exaggerated the Iraq WMDs threat so as to stay in step
with the U.S."
In the wake of Wilkie's testimony, Australian pundits became more critical
of the Howard government and its persistent refusal to acknowledge that, as
one journalist put it, they were "conned by master manipulators masquerading
as purveyors of objective intelligence."
Sounds a little like Scott McClellan, no? But, thanks to the FCM, most Americans
hear it for the first time only five years later.
The candor of Wilkie's Aug. 22, 2003, testimony to the Australian parliament
helps to dispel the myths and canards still wafting around about – among other
things – how "the entire world" believed Saddam Hussein was a dangerous
Accordingly, we include some of the more telling Wilkie excerpts below. (Emphasis
added in bold.)
Opening Remarks to the Parliamentary Joint Committee on the Australian Security
Intelligence Organization (ASIO), the Australian Secret Intelligence Service
(ASIS), and the Defense Signals Directorate (DSD)
Aug. 22, 2003
Mr. Chairman, thank you for inviting me to appear before the Committee.
You would be well aware that I resigned from the Office of National Assessments,
before the Iraq war, because I assessed that invading Iraq would not be the
most sensible and ethical way to resolve the Iraq issue. I chose resignation,
specifically, because compromise or seeking to create change from within ONA
were not realistic options.
At the time I resigned I put on the public record three fundamental concerns.
Firstly, that Iraq did not pose a serious enough security threat to justify
a war. Secondly, that too many things could go wrong. And, thirdly, that war
was still totally unnecessary because options short of war were yet to be exhausted.
My first concern is especially relevant today. It was based on my assessment
that Iraq's conventional armed forces were weak, that Iraq's weapons of mass
destruction program was disjointed and contained, and that there was no hard
evidence of any active cooperation between Iraq and al-Qaeda.
Now the government has claimed repeatedly I was not close enough to the Iraq
issue to know what I'm talking about. Such statements have misled the public
and have been exceptionally hurtful to me.
I was a senior analyst with a top-secret positive vet security clearance.
I'd been awarded a superior rating in my last performance appraisal, and not
long before I resigned I'd been informed by the deputy director-general that
thought was being given to my being promoted.
Because of my military background (I had been a regular army infantry lieutenant
colonel), I was required to be familiar with war-related issues … and was
on standby to cover Iraq once the war began….
Now, in fairness to Australian and allied intelligence agencies, Iraq was
a tough target. From time to time there were shortages of human intelligence
on the country. At other times the preponderance of anti-Saddam sources desperate
for U.S. intervention ensured a flood of disinformation. Collecting technical
intelligence was equally challenging.
A problem for Australian agencies was their reliance on allies. We had virtually
no influence on foreign intelligence collection planning, and the raw intelligence
seldom arrived with adequate notes on sources or reliability. More problematic
was the way in which Australia's tiny agencies needed to rely on the sometimes
weak and skewed views contained in the assessments prepared in Washington.
A few problems were inevitable. For instance, intelligence gaps were sometimes
back-filled with the disinformation. Worst-case sometimes took primacy over
most-likely. The threat was sometimes overestimated as a result of
the fairy tales coming out of the U.S. And sometimes government pressure,
as well as politically correct intelligence officers themselves, resulted
in its own bias.
But, overall, Australian agencies did, I believe, an acceptable job reporting
on the existence of, the capacity and willingness to use, and immediacy of the
threat, posed by Iraq. Assessments were okay, not least because they
were always heavily qualified to reflect the ambiguous intelligence picture.
How then to explain the big gap between the government's prewar claims about
Iraq possessing a massive arsenal of WMDs and cooperating actively with al-Qaeda
and the reality that no arsenal of weapons or evidence of substantive links
have yet been found?
Well, most often the government deliberately skewed the truth by taking the
ambiguity out of the issue. Key intelligence assessment qualifications like
"probably," "could," and "uncorroborated evidence
suggests" were frequently dropped. Much more useful words like "massive"
and "mammoth" were included, even though such words had not been
offered to the government by the intelligence agencies. Before we
knew it, the government had created a mythical Iraq, one where every factory
was up to no good and weaponization was continuing apace.
Equally misleading was the way in which the government misrepresented the
truth. For example, when the government spoke of Iraq having form [being up
to no good], it cited pre-1991 Gulf War examples, like the use of chemical
weapons against Iran and the Kurds. Mind you, the government needed
to be creative, because 12 years of sanctions, inspections, and air strikes
had virtually disarmed modern Iraq….
The government even went so far as to fabricate the truth. The claims
about Iraq cooperating actively with al-Qaeda were obviously nonsense. As
was the government's reference to Iraq seeking uranium in Africa, despite
the fact that ONA, the Department of Defense, and the Department of Foreign
Affairs and Trade all knew the Niger story was fraudulent. This was critical
information. It beggars belief that ONA knew it was discredited but didn't
advise the prime minister, Defense knew but didn't tell the defense minister,
and Foreign Affairs knew but didn't tell the foreign minister. …
In closing, I wish to make it clear that I do not apologize for, or withdraw
from, my accusation that the Howard government misled the Australian public
over Iraq, both through its own public statements as well as through its endorsement
of Allied statements.
The government lied every time it said or implied that I was not senior enough
or appropriately placed in ONA to know what I was talking about. And the government
lied every time it skewed, misrepresented, used selectively, and fabricated
the Iraq story.
But these examples are just the tip of the iceberg. For instance, the government
lied when the prime minister's office told the media I was mentally unstable.
The government lied when it associated Iraq with the Bali bombing. And the
government lied every time it linked Iraq to the War on Terror.
The prime minister and the foreign minister in particular have a lot to answer
for. After all, they were the chief cheerleaders for the invasion of another
country, without UN endorsement, for reasons that have now been discredited.
Reprinted courtesy of Consortium