"This notion that the United States is getting
ready to attack Iran is simply ridiculous," President Bush said as he emerged
from talks with European Union leaders.
Let's hope so.
For, according to Sirus Naseri, a senior member of Iran's delegation to the
International Atomic Energy Agency, whose Board of Governors meets next week
"To even imply that a nuclear-weapon state would attack [IAEA] Safeguarded
facilities of a non-nuclear-weapon state pokes a hole right in the heart of
the Nonproliferation Treaty [NPT], and it deserves to be rejected severely."
And, of course, Naseri is right. It was bad enough back in 1981 when the Israelis
not a party to the NPT attacked and destroyed Osiraq, a French-supplied
safeguarded research reactor in Iraq.
The United Nations Security Council strongly condemned the military attack
by Israel, which it considered to be "in clear violation of the Charter
of the United Nations and the norms of international conduct." Furthermore,
the attack was "a serious threat to the entire safeguards regime of the
International Atomic Energy Agency, which is the foundation of the Treaty on
the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons."
You see, the IAEA was made the international safeguardsinspectorate by Article
III of the NPT.
The key to preventing nuke proliferation is the international control of the
production, processing, transformation, and disposition of certain nuclear materials.
In return for a promise not to acquire or seek to acquire nukes, the NPT recognizes
the "inalienable right" of all signatories to enjoy the peaceful benefits
of nuclear energy. But all NPT-proscribed nuclear materials as well as
the facilities in which they are stored, processed, transformed, or consumed
have to be made subject to an IAEA Safeguards Agreement.
In the event the IAEA discovers nuclear materials and/or activities that should
have been declared but were not, it reports that failure to the IAEA Board of
Governors. In the event the IAEA discovers the "diversion" of nuclear
materials a violation of the NPT the IAEA Board may refer the
matter to the UN Security Council for possible action.
More than a year ago, Iran voluntarily signed an Additional Protocol to its
Safeguards Agreement, vastly expanding the authority of IAEA inspectors to go
anywhere and see anything. Director General Mohamed ElBaradei reported to the
IAEA Board of Governors at their last meeting that after a year-long exhaustive
and intrusive inspection, he had found no evidence that Iran has ever attempted
to acquire nukes or the makings thereof.
Hence, there are no violations of the NPT to report to the Security Council.
Well, the neo-crazies have gone ballistic. That's twice first Iraq and
now Iran ElBaradei has given the lie to their charges that Islamic states
had clandestine nuclear weapons programs in violation of the NPT.
But Bush is determined to get the "nuclear crisis" in Iran before
the Security Council, somehow, so that he can get another ambiguous resolution
that he could then use to justify an attack by the U.S. or Israel
on Iran's safeguarded facilities.
So what conceivable rationale could Bush manufacture?
Well, later in the U.S.-EU news conference Bush made this claim:
"The reason we're having these discussions is because [the Iranians] were
caught enriching uranium after they had signed a treaty saying they wouldn't
enrich uranium. These discussions are occurring because they have breached a
contract with the international community. They're the party that needs to be
held to account, not any of us."
Bush manufactured all that. The EU-Iran agreement which is being monitored
by the IAEA is not a treaty. In any case, the Iranians were not "caught"
enriching uranium. As best the IAEA can determine, the Iranians have yet to
enrich any uranium. The Iranians merely agreed to suspend for six months or
so any attempt to do so. They did not initially agree to suspend
the manufacture of gas centrifuges for enriching uranium. However, as a "confidence-building
measure," they voluntarily agreed a few months ago to suspend those activities,
But if the Europeans don't live up to their end of the agreement and
Bush is determined to see that they won't or can't the Iranians have
announced that they intend to resume probably in June all the
IAEA-safeguarded activities they have currently suspended.
Maybe that's why the worst-kept secret in Washington is that we in cahoots
with our "ally" Israel are planning to "take out"
those safeguarded facilities in June.
So bye-bye, NPT. Hello, mushroom-shaped clouds.