According to Article IV of the Treaty on Non-Proliferation
of Nuclear Weapons:
"All the Parties to the Treaty undertake to facilitate, and have
the right to participate in, the fullest possible exchange of equipment,
materials and scientific and technological information for the peaceful
uses of nuclear energy.
"Parties to the Treaty in a position to do so shall also cooperate
in contributing alone or together with other States or international organizations
to the further development of the applications of nuclear energy for peaceful
purposes, especially in the territories of non-nuclear-weapon States Party to
Iran (for example) has an inalienable right to buy a turn-key uranium enrichment
facility and, if the financial details can be worked out, Russia (for example)
"shall" sell it to them.
But, since the early 1980s, Iran claims its inalienable right to acquire nuclear
technology has been subjected to an "extensive and intensive campaign of
denial, obstruction, intervention and misinformation."
Mostly by – or at the behest of – the United States.
1. Valid and binding contracts to build nuclear power plants were unilaterally
2. Nuclear material rightfully purchased and owned by Iran was illegally withheld;
3. Unjustified and coercive interventions were routinely made in order to undermine,
impede and delay the implementation of Iran's nuclear agreements with third
4. Unfounded accusations against Iran's exclusively peaceful nuclear program
were systematically publicized.
So Iran began keeping secret the details of its nuclear-related programs, which,
in nearly all cases, were not required to be disclosed under its Safeguards
agreement with the IAEA.
In particular, Iran was not obliged to report to the IAEA the acquisition or
manufacture of any number of gas-centrifuges, nor the construction of associated
facilities, until shortly before introducing "special nuclear materials"
But, in October 2003, after seeing what Bush and Blair did to Iraq on the pretext
of destroying Iraq's non-existent nuke programs, Iran began negotiations with
France, Germany and the United Kingdom [EU/E3] with the explicit expectation
of obtaining – at a minimum – assurances from the Europeans that Bush and Blair
would not do unto them what they had done unto Iraq.
Iran signed and immediately began full implementation of an Additional Protocol
to its IAEA Safeguards Agreement, providing a detailed account of its previously
secret nuclear activities, virtually all of which had been carried out in full
conformity with its rights and obligations under the NPT.
Iran also began a voluntary temporary suspension of its Safeguarded uranium-enrichment
activities as "a confidence building measure."
On March 23, 2005, Iran offered the EU/E3 a package of "objective guarantees"
that included a voluntary "confinement" of Iran's nuclear programs, to include:
1. Forgoing the reprocessing of spent fuel and the production of plutonium;
2. Limiting the extent and level of uranium-enrichment to that required for
Iran's power reactors;
3. The immediate conversion of any and all enriched uranium to fuel rods to
preclude even the technical possibility of further enrichment;
The Iranians also proposed that there be an unprecedented "continuous on-site
presence of IAEA inspectors at the conversion and enrichment facilities."
But, under extreme pressure by the United States, the EU/E3 never even acknowledged
receipt of the Iranian offer. Much less did they offer the "security"
guarantees Iran sought.
Eventually, days after Iran lifted its voluntary temporary suspension of uranium-conversion
activity, the EU/E3 offered to "not interfere" in any Iranian attempt
to obtain fuel – internationally – for its nuclear power plants. But that offer
was conditional on Iran giving up permanently any and all other nuclear-fuel
The EU/E3 – supported by the United States – then launched a campaign to force
the IAEA Board of Governors to refer the Iranian Safeguarded nuclear programs
to the UN Security Council for possible action.
But, according to the Financial Times, having given up on the EU/E3,
Ahmadinejad, Iran's new president, will make his new "offer" to the
United Nations General Assembly.
"Iran will suggest international cooperation for uranium enrichment,
and invite Europe, Russia, China and South Africa to joint ventures in which
Iran keeps its nuclear fuel cycle while the international community can make
sure there is no diversion."
What the means is that, if the oil-related financial details can be worked
out, perhaps Russia (for example) will not only sell nuclear fuel-cycle facilities
to Iran, but – in cooperation with China and/or India – will operate them as
Will the Russians, Chinese, and Indians also provide – at a minimum – assurances
that Bush and Blair will not do unto their joint-ventures in Iran what Bush-Blair
had done unto Iraq?