Guess what? The man President Bush wants to be
our Ambassador to the United Nations has frequently interfered – as Under-Secretary
of State for Arms Control and International Security – in personnel and operations
matters of various UN agencies in a manner deemed "unlawful" by many
UN observers and by at least one UN tribunal.
Those "unlawful" international activities are in addition to his
frequent unethical – if not unlawful – interference in personnel and operations
matters of various domestic agencies.
But now Associated Press correspondent Charles Hanley has linked Bolton's domestic
and international interference to US efforts – revealed in the minutes
of the "Downing Street" meeting of September, 2002 – to manipulate
"intelligence" so as to support the decision President Bush had made
many months before to invade Iraq and depose Saddam Hussein.
In particular, according to Hanley, Bolton flew to Europe in 2002 to confront
Jose Bustani, Director-General of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical
Weapons, and demand that he resign.
The OPCW is the UN-related organization established in1997 by Parties to the
Chemical Weapons Convention to be their agent.
Bustani "had to go" because "he was trying to send [OPCW] chemical weapons
inspectors to Baghdad and that might have helped defuse the crisis over alleged
Iraqi weapons and undermined a U.S. rationale for war."
But Bustani refused to resign. So, he was relieved of his position in April
2002 at an OPCW meeting in a manner – orchestrated by Bolton – that has since
been ruled "unlawful" by a judicial body to which UN agencies submit
Bolton also attempted – apparently concurrently and for the same reason – to
force Mohamed ElBaradei, Director-General of the International Atomic Energy
Agency, to resign.
And when ElBaradei refused, Bolton pressured the IAEA Board of Governors to
deny ElBaradei a third term.
On May 6, 2005, in an interview with the staff of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee, Lawrence Wilkerson, the chief of staff to former Secretary of State
Colin Powell, reportedly charged that "Mr. Bolton overstepped his bounds in
his moves and gyrations to try to keep Mohamed ElBaradei from being re-appointed
as IAEA head."
Wilkerson said Bolton was "going out of his way to badmouth him, to make sure
that everybody knew that the maximum power of the United States would be brought
to bear against them if he were brought back in."
According to the Washington Post, the US also halted all intelligence-sharing
with the IAEA, and allegedly bugged ElBaradei, hoping to obtain information
that could be used against him.
The IAEA is the UN-related agency established in 1957 to "accelerate
and enlarge the contribution of atomic energy to peace, health and prosperity
throughout the world." In so doing, the IAEA was required to "ensure,
so far as it is able, that assistance provided by it or at its request or under
its supervision or control is not used in such a way as to further any military
Twenty years later, the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
– whose objectives are (a) to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons
technology, (b) to foster the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and (c) to further
the goal of achieving general and complete disarmament – effectively made the
IAEA its agent.
That is, by requiring all no-nuke NPT-signatories to conclude a bilateral Safeguards
agreement with the IAEA, the NPT incorporated the already existing IAEA inspection
and verification system, as well as its statutory "enforcement mechanism."
Therefore, in refusing to share intelligence with the IAEA, in bugging ElBaradei
and attempting to influence his reporting, someone – Bush? Bolton? – appears
to have committed acts that are "unlawful" under the IAEA Statute.
For example, the IAEA Statute says that "Each member should make available
such information as would, in the judgement of the member, be helpful to the
Agency." The US is an IAEA member, and hence, is required to carry out
the "obligations set forth in that statute" and to act in accordance
with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations.
Furthermore, "Each member undertakes to respect the international character
of the responsibilities of the Director General and the staff and shall not
seek to influence them in the discharge of their duties."
Who would want Bolton the Unlawful to represent us at the United Nations?
Well, didn't Condi-baby just summon ElBaradei to Washington, with the announced
intention of influencing his reporting on the results of his intrusive go-anywhere
see-anything inspections in Iran?