we must assume that the KLA will not call off its insurgencies,
and that agreements promising "ceasefires" are
not be worth the paper they are written on. From what we
have stipulated above, we deduce that NATO knows full well
that these "agreements" are not be worth the paper
they are written on. Therefore the "ceasefire"
earlier this week between the Belgrade regime and the Albanian
guerrillas, brokered by NATO, which would allow the Yugoslav
armed forces into the 3-mile wide buffer zone between Kosovo
and Serbia proper, is clearly a fraud. And NATO knows it
to be a fraud. The KLA has not the slightest intention of
permitting Belgrade to re-establish its authority in Southern
the Albanian guerrillas are not even pretending to take
it seriously. Having signed a "ceasefire" agreement,
they immediately announced that they could not guarantee
the safety of any Serb soldier entering the buffer zone.
Presevo Valley terrorist "chief of staff," Shefket
Musliu, declared: "I and my commanders cannot accept
responsibility for spontaneous actions of local Albanian
elements in Sector C of the Ground Safety Zone." NATO
furthermore imposed all manner of restrictions on the Yugoslav
armed forces entering the zone, thereby condemning them
to almost certain failure. Tanks and armored cars were out.
Helicopters were out. All air support for ground troops
were out. Villages were out of bounds. Mines were out. Rocket
launchers were out. There was to be no shelling without
NATO’s consent. "We have demanded that they do not
occupy houses, do not enter villages, do not receive backing
from armored cars or use rocket launchers and antitank weapons,"
declared a smug Lieutenant General Carlo Cabigiosu, commander
ostensible purpose of the deployment of the Yugoslav troops
is to block off "escape routes" of Albanian guerrillas
into Kosovo. This is a strange task. The KLA terrorists
are coming across the border from NATO-occupied Kosovo.
One would have thought responsibility for preventing their
entry into Macedonia or the Presevo Valley was NATO’s and
NATO’s alone. According to UN Security Council Resolution
1244, which had authorized NATO’s seizure of Kosovo, the
"responsibilities of the international security presence
to be deployed and acting in Kosovo will include:
Deterring renewed hostilities, maintaining and where necessary
enforcing a ceasefire...(b) Demilitarizing the Kosovo Liberation
Army (KLA) and other armed Kosovo Albanian groups...(d)
Ensuring public safety and order until the international
civil presence can take responsibility for this task...(g)
Conducting border monitoring duties as required." In
other words, NATO has massively failed to live up to almost
every single one of its obligations. Yet this does not stop
the United States from endlessly demanding that Belgrade
live up to its obligations to cooperate with the Hague Tribunal.
strategy, as always, is to shift responsibility for its
failures on to Belgrade. Before last October’s coup, NATO
blamed every calamity on Slobodan Milosevic. Now that Milosevic
is no longer there, the new Yugoslav regime is to be set
up for a fall. All too eagerly Belgrade is marching into
NATO’s trap. The Yugoslav military deployment is bound to
fail. There are two scenarios and only one conclusion. First
scenario: NATO will impose so many constraints on the Yugoslav
armed forces that they will be unable to get to grips with
the KLA insurgency. After a couple of months, NATO will
declare that Yugoslavia had "failed" and that
only solution was possible. Reluctantly, KFOR must itself
take over Southern Serbia and Macedonia. Second scenario:
The Yugoslav forces begin to get on top of the situation.
Immediately the cry of "humanitarian abuses" goes
up. The KLA will stage massive flights of Albanian refugees
across the border into Kosovo, and "anguished"
Albanians will stage riots in Kosovska-Mitrovica. Again
NATO will declare that Yugoslavia had "failed"
and that KFOR has to take over.
of course, is precisely the KLA strategy. Concern about
Albanians shooting at NATO soldiers is ludicrous. KLA and
NATO march in lockstep. The KLA wants to run Greater Albania.
NATO is there to facilitate its creation. The media will
cheer on NATO’s expanded mission in the Balkans. We must
bear any burden, we will be told, to make the world safe
for "peace" and "stability." According
to Robert Curis, a senior analyst with the International
Crisis Group, the George Soros-funded outfit always on hand
to advocate military intervention on behalf noble goals,
the current fighting is "a threat to the stability
of the Balkans and therefore to all of Europe." Once
the stakes are this high nothing less than the "stability"
of "all of Europe" only NATO can be trusted to
get the job done.
began preparing to expand its mission in the Balkans quite
some time ago. In early 1999, at Rambouillet, the United
States had demanded that NATO be given free access to all
of Serbia. Milosevic said no and thereby precipitated the
NATO onslaught. UN Security Council Resolution 1244 also
failed to deliver what the US wanted. As soon as the Americans
arrived in Kosovo, however, they began to arm and train
KLA fighters to take over Southern Serbia. According to
recent article in the Observer, the "CIA
encouraged former Kosovo Liberation Army fighters to launch
a rebellion in southern Serbia in an effort to undermine
the then Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic." A
European KFOR commander told the Observer reporter:
"The CIA has been allowed to run riot in Kosovo with
a private army designed to overthrow Slobodan Milosevic.
Now he’s gone the US State Department seems incapable of
reining in its bastard army." This, of course, is an
absurd misreading of what really took place. The purpose
was not primarily to "overthrow" Milosevic, but
to take over Serbia. This was to happen either by the reduction
of Serbia to US satellite-status or by gradual US military
takeover. The notion that the US State Department is unable
to rein in "its bastard army" is laughable. Interestingly,
the Observer story echoes a recent BBC report: "The
BBC’s Nik Gowing in Davos has been shown evidence by foreign
diplomatic sources that the guerrillas now have several
hundred fighters in the 5km-deep military exclusion zone
on the boundary between Kosovo and the rest of Serbia. The
sources said that: Certain NATO-led KFOR forces were not
preventing the guerrillas taking mortars and other weapons
into the exclusion zone. The guerrilla units had been able
to hold exercises there, including live-firing of weapons,
despite the fact that KFOR patrols the zone. Western special
forces were still training the guerrillas, as a result of
decisions taken before the change of government in Yugoslavia."
Again, the European sources cited are being disingenuous.
The United States could bring the KLA to heel any time it
wanted. One has to assume that Washington policymakers read
newspapers and would therefore be aware of the fact that
Milosevic was no longer in power in Belgrade. Perhaps they
just simply did not know what the telephone code for Kosovo
we are seeing now is an eerie replay of the sinister events
of 1998. It was then that the United States began training
and arming the KLA even as officials were condemning it
in public as a "terrorist" organization. It was
then that the United States was forcing Serbia, under threat
of bombs, to sign one "ceasefire" agreement after
another, each one of which would then be exploited by the
KLA to strengthen its position in Kosovo. US support for
the KLA, incidentally, was in flagrant violation of UN Security
Council Resolution 1160, passed on March 31, 1998, which
had condemned "all acts of terrorism by the Kosovo
Liberation Army or any other group or individual and all
external support for terrorist activity in Kosovo, including
finance, arms and training."
October 1998, facing imminent US air strikes, President
Slobodan Milosevic signed an agreement with US envoy Richard
Holbrooke, promising to withdraw Yugoslav security forces
from Kosovo. This deal imposed obligations exclusively on
Yugoslavia. The Albanians had not had to sign anything,
and were therefore free to continue to provoke the Serbs,
confident that any act of Serb retaliation would be reported
in the US media as typical Serb barbarity. It was a fatal
surrender of sovereignty. Yugoslavia had been forced to
agree not to suppress an armed insurrection within its own
borders. It would be a matter of time before the Serbs would
be confronted by even more humiliating demands.
soon as Yugoslavia began withdrawing its forces from Kosovo,
the KLA moved swiftly to take over positions previously
held by the Serbs. The most sinister feature of the Holbrooke-Milosevic
agreement was the establishment of the Kosovo Verification
Mission (KVM) under the auspices of the Organization for
Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). The ostensible
purpose of the KVM was to monitor Yugoslavia’s compliance
with the agreement. Its real purpose was to lay the groundwork
for the subsequent NATO attack. The KVM was largely a CIA
operation. Its chief was former US Ambassador to El Salvador,
William G. Walker, a specialist in covert warfare and propaganda.
Walker maintained close links to the KLA. He elicited from
them critical information about Yugoslav defenses. As for
the KLA, here is how Roland Keith, a former field office
director of KVM, described their methods: "Upon my
arrival the war increasingly evolved into a mid-intensity
conflict as ambushes, the encroachment of critical lines
of communication and the [KLA] kidnapping of security forces
resulted in a significant increase in government casualties
which in turn led to major Yugoslavian reprisal security
operations…. The situation was clearly that KLA provocations…were
clear violations of the previous October’s agreement."
provocations, on the one hand, and CIA manipulation of US
public opinion, on the other hand, culminated in the notorious
deceit of Racak in January 1999. Walker had declared to
the media of the world, on the basis of no evidence whatsoever,
that KLA fighters killed in a firefight with Yugoslav police
had been Albanian civilians murdered in cold blood. Subsequent
forensic investigations confirmed the Yugoslav version of
events: No one had been shot at close range. The dead had
lost their lives in battle. Yet this alleged "massacre"
served to fuel the media hysteria leading up to NATO’s March
1999 murderous onslaught.
US media, needless to say, maintained their usual discreet
silence when questions about the US Government’s deceitful
conduct came up. A year ago, the Sunday Times of
London reported: "American intelligence agents have
admitted they helped to train the Kosovo Liberation Army
before NATO’s bombing of Yugoslavia…. Central Intelligence
Agency officers were ceasefire monitors in Kosovo in 1998
and 1999, developing ties with the KLA and giving American
military training manuals and field advice on fighting the
Yugoslav army and Serbian police. When the Organization
for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), which coordinated
the monitoring, left Kosovo a week before airstrikes began…many
of its satellite telephones and global positioning systems
were secretly handed to the KLA, ensuring that guerrilla
commanders could stay in touch with NATO and Washington.
Several KLA leaders had the mobile phone number of General
Wesley Clark, the NATO commander." Amazing stuff. Nothing
about any of this found its way into the US media. That
the United States was behind what is taking place currently
in the Presevo Valley was obvious to the Sunday Times
reporters a year ago: "The KLA has admitted its long-standing
links with American and European intelligence organizations.
Shaban Shala, a KLA commander now involved in attempts to
destabilize majority Albanian villages beyond Kosovo’s border
in Serbia proper, claimed he had met British, American and
Swiss agents in northern Albania in 1996."
now, United States involvement with the KLA is so flagrant
and outrageous that even that master of the inconsequential
turn of phrase, Yugoslav
President Vojislav Kostunica has now taken to accusing NATO
of "direct collaboration" with the KLA in Southern
Serbia. KFOR, Kostunica says, had "enabled and
in some way supported or was helping the terrorists."
"Flights of KFOR helicopters," he went on, "have
been traced that gave he impression of being used as a sort
of logistics support to the terrorists rather than surveilling
[sic] them." Given these facts then, why would Kostunica
want to cooperate with NATO? Would it not make more sense
for him to publicize NATO’s mendacity? And to challenge
NATO to live up to its obligations and seal the Kosovo border?
But then the Belgrade regime is bought and paid for. Its
orders now are that it should be the fall guy, the one to
blame for the continued turmoil in the Balkans.
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