BAGHDAD The newly formed "Awakening" forces set up by the
U.S. military are bringing new conflict.
For months now the U.S. military has been actively building what it calls Awakening
forces and "concerned local citizens" in an effort to reduce attacks
on occupation forces.
Members of the forces, which comprise primarily former resistance fighters
and tribal groups, are paid $300 monthly. There are at present about 80,000
recruits to these groups. The U.S. military plans to cap the number at 85,000.
According to the U.S. military, 82 percent of the members are Sunni.
The forces, which are opposed by the Iraqi government led by U.S.-appointed
Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, are also being strongly criticized by Sunni
residents in Baghdad and other cities.
"The armed groups called 'Awakening' are now the only powerful players
in many Sunni areas in Baghdad, and so they show their power the way others
did," Qussay al-Tai'i, a lawyer from Saydiya, southwest of Baghdad, told
IPS. "It seems that violence has become routine procedure for American
soldiers, Iraqi security men, and now the so-called Awakening fighters."
Witnesses from the area who have recently fled to Baghdad told IPS that more
than 200 residents have been arrested by Awakening fighters supported by the
al-Muthanna battalion of the Iraqi army.
"They came and arrested my 14- and 17-year-old sons," said Hajja
Um Ahmed. "I told them my sons are only schoolboys who did nothing wrong,
but they pushed me away."
Saydiya residents are worried that some of the detainees will be executed as
others were in Fallujah and other areas where Awakening fighters have taken
"They will kill them in cold blood and throw their bodies in garbage dumps,"
the terrified father of a 35-year-old detainee, speaking on the condition of
anonymity, told IPS. "They told my son when they took him that they would
cut off his head, and it seems that they meant it."
"They have spread their spies all over the area and threatened us with
arrest if we ever talk about this to the press," a merchant who did not
give his name told IPS. "You too must be careful because they really hate
The Sunni religious group, the Association of Muslim Scholars (AMS), has condemned
the detentions and says the occupation forces and the current government are
responsible for the safety of the detained.
"We draw the world's attention to the new wave of detentions and executions
by this new toy of the occupation," Sheik Hatam Ali of the AMS told IPS
in Baghdad. "Thousands of Iraqis are being detained, tortured and executed
while the U.S. occupation and its illegitimate so-called Iraqi government tell
the world lies about reconciliation and justice among Iraqis."
U.S. military units apparently did not interfere with raids conducted by the
Iraqi army and the Awakening fighters in Saydiya. The raids have added to the
large numbers of people detained.
In November 2007, the International Committee of the Red Cross announced that
around 60,000 people were currently detained in Iraq. "They are still waiting
for their problem to be solved, and the Iraqi government does not seem willing
to solve it," Luqman Mohammad, a journalist and human rights activist in
Baghdad, told IPS. "This country needs a comprehensive solution by the
whole international community."
Awakening forces have been widely criticized for corruption and brutal tactics.
Many speak of them as "gangs," "criminals," "dogs of
the Americans," and "thieves." But the Bush administration and
many media outlets in the West credit the Awakening forces with bringing stability
to volatile areas.
(Inter Press Service)