Despite near-universal skepticism about the prospects
for launching a serious, new Middle East peace process at next week's Israeli-Palestinian
summit in Annapolis, a familiar clutch of neoconservative hawks close to the
Likud Party leader, former Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, isn't
taking any chances.
Hard-liners associated with the American Enterprise Institute and Freedom's
Watch, a bountifully funded campaign led by prominent backers of the Republican
Jewish Coalition, among other like-minded groups, are mounting a concerted attack
against next week's meeting which they fear could result in pressure on Israel
to make territorial concessions.
The attack, which comes amid steadily growing neoconservative fears that the
administration of President George W. Bush is becoming increasingly "realist"
in its last year in office, is being directed primarily against Secretary of
State Condoleezza Rice, rather than the president himself.
Rice, who has devoted an unprecedented amount of time and travel in the past
several months to nudging Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and Palestinian
President Mahmoud Abbas toward agreement on a framework that will deliver a
two-state solution, said she hoped to achieve that goal by the time Bush leaves
office in January 2009.
"The parties have said they are going to make efforts to conclude [a final
peace accord] in this president's term, and it's no secret that means about
a year," she told reporters, noting that next Tuesday's meeting is designed
to launch an intensive negotiating effort over the coming months. "That's
what we'll try and do. Nobody can guarantee that all you can do is make your
But such an effort is anathema to hard-line neoconservatives whose presence
in the Bush administration has dwindled steadily over the past two years, but
who retain influence primarily through Vice President Dick Cheney and key members
of the White House national security staff, notably Deputy National Security
Adviser Elliott Abrams.
Indeed, among the most prominent hawks who have attacked the Annapolis meeting,
to which senior officials and diplomats from 46 nations and multilateral groups
have been invited, has been David Wurmser. Until August, Wurmser served as Cheney's
main Middle East adviser. His opposition to the aborted Oslo peace process dates
back to its very beginning in the early 1990s.
In a press luncheon sponsored by the hard-line Israel Project Monday, Wurmser,
a former director of AEI's Middle East program, argued that the current moment
was the worst time for the administration to initiate a new Israeli-Palestinian
peace process, particularly given the importance and more urgent threats to
US interests posed by North Korea, Iran, Syria, Iraq, and Venezuela.
"It simply sends the wrong signal," he said, stressing that, contrary
to Rice's arguments and those of other foreign policy realists, any pressure
on Israel to make concessions at the moment would only embolden Iran and weaken
Washington's Sunni-led regional allies which the administration hopes to forge
into an Arab-Israeli coalition against Tehran.
While Wurmser is perhaps the most recent administration alumnus to speak out
against Annapolis, other hardline neoconservatives close to Netanyahu are also
rallying against any serious peace effort.
Danielle Pletka, AEI's vice president for foreign and defense policy studies,
published a column in the New York Times this week which accused the
administration of aping the policies of former President Bill Clinton, particularly
on North Korea and the Israeli-Palestinian process.
Pletka, a protégé of neoconservative impresario Richard Perle,
was particularly scornful of Abbas, whom she described as "powerless"
and a "pretender," and of Rice who, she complained has "recently
sought advice from not just Bill Clinton but, of all people, Jimmy Carter"
the former president who is excoriated by neoconservatives for his 1977
endorsement of a "Palestinian homeland," as well as his recent book,
Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid.
Not to be outdone, the Wall Street Journal's "Global View"
columnist, Bret Stephens, also linked Rice's peace efforts to Carter, even while
conveniently omitting the fact that it was Carter who forged the 1978 Camp David
accords between Israel and Egypt.
Noting the political weakness of both Abbas and Olmert, as well as the widespread
skepticism that the parties are prepared to make the necessary compromises,
Stephens, a former editor of the right-wing Jerusalem Post, expressed
wonderment "why this administration has gotten itself caught in the
Venus flytrap of the Arab-Israeli conflict, after vowing not to do so, and why
it has done so with a degree of ineptitude that recalls the dimmer moments of
the Carter administration."
Meanwhile, the ultra-hawkish president of the Center for Security Policy (CSP),
Frank Gaffney, also took out after Rice in a Washington Times column
that derided the Annapolis meeting as "Condi's Folly," called Rice
herself a "zealot who has lost any sense of reality," and labeled
Abbas' Fatah party a "terrorist organization" along with other "Islamofascist"
groups, including Hamas, Hezbollah, al-Qaeda and the Iranian Revolutionary Guard
Gaffney, another Perle protégé, argued that the "only Palestinian
state that can possibly come from
Rice's zealotry will be a dagger pointed
at the heart of Israel and a new safe-haven for terror aimed at the United States
and other Western nations."
The column's title, "Staticidal
Zealotry," partially echoed recent public complaints by two Freedom's
Watch founders, Sheldon Adelson and Gary Erlbaum, regarding the American Israel
Public Affairs Committee's (AIPAC) endorsement of a letter signed by some 130
lawmakers in support of the Annapolis initiative and increased US assistance
for Abbas' Palestinian Authority (PA).
AIPAC, which is widely considered the heart of the so-called "Israel Lobby"
in Washington, has itself been pressed hard by both the administration and the
Olmert government to support next week's meeting.
Adelson, a casino magnate with an estimated net worth of more than 26 billion
dollars who is also a strong backer of Netanyahu, argued that Olmert's engagement
the Annapolis process posed a mortal danger to Israel.
"I don't continue to support organizations that help friends committing
suicide just because they say they want to jump," he told the Jewish Telegraphic
Agency (JTA) in what was taken a threat to reduce his substantial financial
backing if the group did not heed his Likudist agenda.
Both Adelson and Erlbaum, who is a Philadelphia property developer, are major
donors to Freedom's Watch, a group formed in August to defend the Bush administration's
"surge" strategy in Iraq against legislative efforts to mandate a
withdrawal of US combat forces.
The group, more than half of whose leaders is drawn from the RJC board and
staff, intends to raise at least 200 million dollars for advertising and other
public relations activities to support its hard-line positions on the Middle
East, according to a recent New York Times profile.
In recent weeks, the group has employed a high-priced PR firm to test-market
a campaign apparently designed to rally public support for an attack on Iran,
according to a recent article by investigative reporter Laura Rozen published
in Mother Jones magazine. Ari Fleischer, who served as Bush's chief spokesman
during his presidential campaign and in the White House until 2003, is one of
a number of former administration officials active in Freedom's Watch.
(Inter Press Service)