Of the three politicians who announced the military
assault on Gaza to the world on Saturday, perhaps only outgoing prime minister
Ehud Olmert has little to lose – or gain – from its outcome.
Flanking the Israeli prime minister were two of the main contenders for his
job: Tzipi Livni, the foreign minister and the new leader of Olmert's centrist
party, Kadima, and Ehud Barak, the defense minister and leader of the left-wing
The attack on Gaza may make or break this pair's political fortunes as they
jostle for position against Benjamin Netanyahu's right-wing party, Likud, before
a general election little more than a month away.
Until now Livni and Barak have been facing the imminent demise of their ruling
coalition as Netanyahu and the far Right have surged in the polls and looked
set to form the next government.
Both have strenuously denied that the election has any bearing on the timing
of the Gaza operation. But they equally hope a successful strike against Hamas
may yet save them from electoral humiliation.
In the run-up to the election, observed Michael Warschawski, a founder of the
Alternative Information Center in Jerusalem, "all Israeli leaders are competing
over who is the toughest and who is ready to kill more."
Netanyahu, pushed out of the spotlight, has had to turn his fire away from
the two other parties and instead lambaste easy political targets: in recent
speeches he has questioned the loyalty of Israel's 1.2 million Arab citizens
and demanded the resignation of the only Arab government minister.
Barak, an unpopular former prime minister but Israel's most decorated combat
soldier, has the most political capital to gain from the current military campaign.
With his once-dominant Labor Party languishing in the polls, he will take the
credit or blame among voters for the outcome in Gaza.
Livni is in a more precarious position. Her glory, if the operation proves
a triumph, will be of the reflected variety. But as Netanyahu's fortunes have
grown, her political fate has become increasingly dependent on a continuing
center-left alliance with Barak. The two, it seems, stand or fall in these elections
Nonetheless, the stakes for both are high. Olmert's popularity nose-dived over
his mishandling of a similar venture in summer 2006, when he approved air strikes
on Lebanon and a limited ground invasion that failed to crush Hezbollah.
A subsequent damning state inquiry, the Winograd Committee, ensured that the
usual corruption scandals that haunt most senior Israeli politicians eventually
caught up with Olmert and forced him to step down.
Barak and Livni presumably believe they have learned the lessons of Olmert's
miscalculation in Lebanon. So far they appear to be playing a cautious hand,
wary of risking major Israeli casualties in a large-scale ground war or of reoccupying
They have also limited the operation's goals to "teaching Hamas a lesson"
and creating "calm in the South" – code for quieting rocket fire from
Gaza. Barak, in particular, has preferred bland slogans such as "now is
the time for fighting" rather than defining the rationale for the operation.
The timing of the Gaza attack offers Barak and Livni several advantages.
First, a head of steam had built on both the Right and Left inside Israel demanding
that military action be taken against Hamas to stop the rockets.
Days before the Gaza operation, even Meretz, a far Left party, issued a statement
favoring a military strike against Hamas. Protests so far have been confined
inside Israel to tire-burning at the entrances to Arab communities and a demonstration
among a few hundred peace activists in Tel Aviv.
Meanwhile, right-wing politicians who accused Barak of treason for allowing
humanitarian aid into Gaza last Friday – a ruse on his part to wrong-foot Hamas
before the air strikes – look foolish.
According to reports in the Israeli media, Barak had been planning the attack
on Gaza with his chiefs of staff for at least six months – about the time the
original cease-fire was being agreed with Hamas.
Given their delay in launching the operation, Livni and Barak face little danger
of being accused in hindsight of the recklessness or lack of preparation that
blighted Olmert's escapade in Lebanon.
Second, by launching the attack when many foreign reporters were away from
the region for the holidays, the government hoped to be able to inflict the
maximum damage on Gaza before the media could catch up.
It will take some days before Western reporters effectively renew the pressure
against Israel over its weeks-old decision to bar them from entering the Strip.
The result will be fewer investigations of Israel's choice of targets in Gaza,
or the nature of the casualties, and a greater emphasis on talking heads in
studios in Jerusalem, at which Israeli spokesmen excel.
Third, Israel has exploited the power vacuum in Washington. George W. Bush,
the outgoing U.S. president, has rarely exerted significant pressure on Israel
and is even less likely to do so in the dying days of his administration.
The incoming president, Barack Obama, meanwhile, will not want to precede his
presidency with a major confrontation with Israel's powerful lobby. Most Western
governments, Barak and Livni hope, will take their cue from Washington's silence.
And fourth – and most importantly – their political rival, Netanyahu, has been
silenced. His main platform had been insisting on a tougher approach in Gaza.
In the current "state of emergency," the parties have agreed to suspend
the usual election campaigning, leaving Livni and Barak visibly in charge of
the country's security.
But as one Israeli commentator, Yossi Verter, warned, Netanyahu should not
be written off as the Israeli population moves once more on to a war footing.
"History teaches us that military campaigns which occur during [Israeli]
election campaigns … benefit the right-wing more than any other camp."
This article originally appeared in The
National, published in Abu Dhabi.