One of the most powerful group of voices in opposition to the occupation
of Iraq are U.S. soldiers who come home and speak out. In particular, those
who become so disillusioned and disgusted by the Iraq occupation that they refuse
to return provide a special power that can help to end the nightmare of the
Iraq quagmire. More and more soldiers are reaching that breaking point and saying
they refuse to participate. As a result, a support group has developed, Courage
to Resist, that is aiding those who refuse to participate. In the interview
below with Max Diorio, we examine why the war resisters are important in this
debate and what people can do to help them.
Kevin Zeese: What is Courage to Resist?
Max Diorio: Courage to Resist describes itself as "a group of concerned
community members, veterans, and military families that supports military objectors
to illegal war and occupation and the policies of empire. Our People Power strategy
weakens the pillars that maintain war and occupation in Iraq, Afghanistan, and
elsewhere by supporting GI resistance, counter-recruitment, and draft resistance,
which cuts off the supply of troops."
KZ: How do you support resisters? What kind of impact do you hope resistance
by military officers will have?
MD: Courage to Resist as a group has the capacity to support resisters
in many ways. On a large scale, we are cultivating a National GI Resistance
Alert Network, which aims to have groups and individuals around the country
"on alert" ready to support those from within the military who step
forward to publicly resist war, occupation, and empire. For those who do not
wish to be public, we can also offer "lower profile" support, which
may come from the local area where the person lives or is stationed.
In this way, much of the strength of Courage to Resist is drawn from its desire
to make support of military resistance an integral part of all the work that
is being done against the illegal war and occupation in Iraq, and against war
in general. We encourage groups and individuals around the nation (and the world!)
to take up this support work as a part of the great work they already do.
On a more individual level, we have many ways to support those from within
the military who resist. We can offer help in the form of "expert advice"
to a man or woman who may be considering speaking out. I say "expert advice"
because among our ranks are former GI resisters, vets of many wars who have
since spoken out against them, and folks highly educated in the nuances and
possibilities that crop up when a person takes such a strong stand within the
context of the U.S. military. Also, we can offer help to the individual resister
in the form of fundraising and political pressure campaigns intended to minimize
negative consequences to the person taking a brave stand against the war.
KZ: Is there a historical precedent for soldiers resisting service?
What has been the impact in previous wars?
MD: There is a large historical precedent for soldiers resisting service.
The height of this of course came during the Vietnam era, when the outright
refusal by so many from within the military and those who were being drafted
was a major factor in ending the war in Southeast Asia. An incredible film about
the power of the GI resistance movement in Vietnam has been released and is
being shown around the country, called Sir!
No Sir! We believe that GI resistance can actually stop the war, not
only by denying "warm bodies" to the war effort, but by turning the
tide of public opinion.
KZ: Describe some of the resisters you are assisting and how you are
MD: Right now our focus is on Ehren Watada, who is an Army officer stationed
in Fort Lewis, Washington. More can be found on Ehren at ThankYouLt.org.
Courage to Resist, in conjunction with many many groups and individuals around
the country, has formed a working group which operates on two levels. One is
the important work of giving Ehren, his family, and community material support
in terms of fundraising, advice, media liaisoning, and technical support. The
other is preparing to mount an unprecedented political and social campaign which
will demand that the military not criminalize Ehren's act, not court-martial
him, and give him an honorable discharge from the military. We will accomplish
this by doing press work, holding rallies and support actions, and generally
making the case that Ehren is a hero, and is doing the right thing by the standards
of the Constitution, U.S. law, and international law. Courage to Resist, along
with others, has done similar support (though perhaps on a somewhat smaller
scale) for resisters like Kevin Benderman and Pablo Paredes.
KZ: What kind of resources do resisters and their families need? How
can people get them those resources?
MD: Some of the support needed and given was outlined in previous questions,
but again, like anyone, resisters need to feel that they are being upheld and
supported by people in their communities. To take such a large step into the
unknown, it is invaluable for resisters to feel that they'll have people to
rely on when they are being persecuted by the U.S. military.
This support can take the forms of material support and political/social support
as I outlined above. These resources can be garnered as long as groups like
Courage to Resist know there is a need. I have personally seen amazing and touching
outpourings of support for those who refuse to fight in Iraq, or who stand up
to the military in resisting war in general.
KZ: What is the national day of action on June 27th? How can people
get involved? Are there events all over the country?
MD: June 27th is a date which will likely be very close to the time
that Ehren Watada's unit will be ordered to ship to Iraq. At this point, Ehren
will officially refuse orders. Courage to Resist and others are calling for
actions around the country to stand with Lt. Watada and his conviction that
this war is illegal and must end. The Courage
to Resist Web site is the best place to find updates on actions on the 27th.
We will have national actions listed, as well as downloadable materials that
organizers can use in their efforts. If Ehren is court-martialed by the military,
which is likely, we will build on the actions of June 27th to create an even
bigger national outcry around his court martial.