Since February, 2003, Director-General Mohamed
ElBaradei and his inspectors at the International Atomic Energy Agency have
been conducting intrusive investigations into Iranís Safeguarded nuclear programs.
Since December, 2003, Iran has been voluntarily adhering to an (as yet) unratified
Additional Protocol to its Safeguards Agreement.
Furthermore, Iran has searched for and provided ElBaradei documentation of
its past procurement activities for nuclear programs, going back two decades.
Documentation that Iran had been under no obligation to provide the IAEA at
the time, much less obligated to preserve for later inspection.
In effect, for more than two years Iran has been attempting to comply with
a retroactive Additional Protocol.
Nevertheless, a year ago, ElBaradei publicly announced that Ė although he had
found no indication that (a) there were any undeclared "source or special nuclear
materials" in Iran nor that (b) "source or special nuclear materials" were being
or had ever been "used in furtherance of a military purpose" Ė he still had
"concerns" that Iran had been unwilling to address.
ElBaradei still had concerns?
Perhaps it was time (in mid-July) for senior intelligence officials to brief
ElBaradei and senior staff on some of the sensitive "intelligence" they had
gleaned from a "stolen Iranian laptop computer."
However, ElBaradei didnít buy their intelligence. "Sources close to the IAEA"
said what they had been briefed on appeared to be aerodynamic design work for
a ballistic missile reentry vehicle, which certainly couldn't contain a nuke
if the Iranians didn't have any.
Unless "source or special nuclear materials" had been "used in furtherance
of a military purpose" it was none of ElBaradeiís beeswax.
So, surprise, surprise.
Last week Dafna Linzer "revealed"
that the smoking-laptop had, indeed, contained evidence that was ElBaradeiís
According to Linzer;
"In the spring of 2001, a small design firm opened shop on the outskirts
of Tehran to begin work for what appears to have been its only client Ė the
Iranian Republican Guard. Over the next two years, the staff at Kimeya Madon
completed a set of technical drawings for a small uranium-conversion facility,
according to four officials who reviewed the documents.
"Several sources with firsthand knowledge of the original documents
said the facility, if constructed, would give Iran additional capabilities to
produce a substance known as UF4, or "green salt," an intermediate product in
the conversion of uranium to a gas. Further refined in a large-scale enrichment
plant, such as the one Iran says it intends to build for its energy program,
the material could become usable for the core of a bomb."
According to Linzer, the CIA has had the smoking-gun laptop for twenty months,
but it was not until last December that the CIA provided the IAEA the "intelligence"
about the Green Salt Project and its alleged link to the Iranian Republican
Whereupon President Bush immediately called for an emergency meeting of the
IAEA Board to consider an "update
brief," [.pdf] dated January 31, 2006, prepared by ElBaradeiís deputy for
safeguards, which included Ė among other things Ė these paragraphs about the
Green Salt Project:
"On 5 December 2005, the Agency reiterated its request for a meeting to
discuss information that had been made available to the Agency about alleged
undeclared studies, known as the Green Salt Project, concerning the conversion
of uranium dioxide into UF4 ("green salt"), as well as tests related to high
explosives and the design of a missile re-entry vehicle, all of which could
have a military nuclear dimension and which appear to have administrative interconnections.
"In the course of the meeting, which took place on 27 January 2006,
the Agency presented for Iranís review a copy of a process flow diagram related
to bench scale conversion and communications related to the project.
"Iran reiterated that all national nuclear projects are conducted by
the AEOI, that the allegations were baseless and that it would provide further
The Iranians were first confronted with the alleged Green Salt Project on January
27, and the IAEA Board issued its resolution
[.pdf] on February 4.
The resolution did not "refer" Iranís nuclear program to the Security
Council for possible action, nor did it contain any mention of a military UF4
Why not? Perhaps, because the just-in-time discovery on the Iranian
laptop of a link between the IRG and UF4 production doesnít pass the smell test.
Obviously Ė much too obviously Ė someone wanted the IAEA Board to be able to
charge that Iran had used "source or special nuclear material in furtherance
of a military purpose."