evening, in Amman, we met with Fadi Elayyan and Jihad Tahboub, two
Palestinian young men who were imprisoned for two months, without
charge, by US Occupying forces who seized them, in Baghdad, on April
are trying to help four of their companions who are still held by
the US military, presumably in a prison compound at Umm Qasr, in southern
April 10, the US Marines kidnapped us," Jihad began in a matter
of fact tone. "We were students, and we stayed in Baghdad during
the war because we did not want to give up our studies or leave our
friends. The Marines wanted to occupy our building because it is high
and gives a good view of the area."
of the students had Palestinian passports. When they asked what they
were guilty of, the soldiers said, "You are guilty of being Palestinian."
The soldiers told them, "You are not studying education in Baghdad.
You are studying terrorism."
said that we had citizen IDs and we are students," said Fadi,
but the soldiers insisted, with guns pointed at their heads, "You
are in Iraq and you are terrorists."
age 24, had been living in Baghdad for six years. At the Mustansariya
University, he was three months short of achieving a degree in environmental
engineering. Jihad, age 23, studied hotel management.
and Jihad were released from a prison in Umm Qasr, in southern Iraq,
two months later, on June 10, after a US military Tribunal issued
each of them signed but undated documents stating that there was no
evidence to support a claim that he committed a belligerent act against
the Coalition forces. Before being released, they had to sign a document
stating that the US military bore no responsibility for what had happened
to them while they were in custody.
was inhuman, the way they treated us," said Fadi. "For the
first seven days we were given no food or water." On the first
day, they were handcuffed and taken to the Hasan Al Bakr Palace where
they stayed overnight on wet ground, outdoors. "We tried to bury
ourselves in the sand to keep warmer," Fadi recalled. "All
the time they were pointing their guns at us. They made us feel that
we are going to die now, they gonna kill us now." The next day
they were taken to Saddam Airport where they were again held outside,
in the cold, without food. "They were laughing while they were
searching us and throwing us on the ground. They took pictures of
us which they said they would send back to their families in the US."
was a full month before the International Commission of the Red Cross
enabled any contact between the students and their families.
the Saddam Airport, they were taken to the Imam Ali Air Base at Nassiriyeh,
traveling by truck. They stayed there two days, again outdoors. If
anyone screamed out, they were beaten, by hand or by rifle butts.
the Imam Ali Air Base, they were moved to a huge prison compound in
Umm Qasr where approximately 10,000 prisoners were held. Civilian
prisoners were separated from combatants. At first they were held
in an area which consisted of 15 compounds, each compound holding
around 500 prisoners. "They give you one blanket, but it's not
enough. We did not cover ourselves with the blanket, we used it as
a mat," said Fadi.
was no place for us to stay in the big tent," he continued, "so
we built our own tent by sticks. I asked for a stick from a guard
who was outside the fence. He didn't respond, so I asked, 'Why don't
you answer me?' He said, 'You are my enemy. I don't have to speak
with you.' I asked, 'Who said I am your enemy?' He said, 'If you say
one more word, I will kill you.'"
initial processing in the large compound they were moved to a second
part of the prison called "Bucca," named after a fireman
who was killed at The World Trade Center.
was a picture of the twin towers in front of the prison," said
Jihad, "just to make the soldiers feel they are doing the right
thing, just to make them feel it is in the right way."
and Jihad particularly detested the way their captors treated the
children who were imprisoned with them. "There were 13 year old
kids in with us," Fadi said. "Sometimes they would throw
candies from their humvees, shouting 'Bark like a dog, and I'll throw
you the candy'..Some of the small children were crying in the night,
asking to go home to their families. We were trying to get them quiet."
of the prisoners were criminals, thieves. They put the children with
them. Some of them tried to abuse children. We told the guards, they
prisoner tried to rape a kid and he refused, so they made a cut on
Fadi and Jihad would refuse to take their food because of the way
soldiers in "The Feeding Team" taunted them. "Say that
you love Bush and I will give you food," a soldier would say,
before handing them a bowl. "I told them, 'I don't love Bush.
I don't love Saddam, I love only myself.'" Telling them to keep
the food, Fadi added, "Let me go and I will cook my own food."
and Jihad tried to speak up on behalf of other prisoners. "They
called us 'the two troublemakers' because we were the only two that
spoke English in the whole compound.
seven days we tried to make our demands more organized. We didn't
ask anything about our legal situation because when we asked them
they said it is not our responsibility, so we started trying to make
our living conditions better."
were asking for enough food, potable water, water for washing ourselves
skin diseases are contagious one from another. We were asking
for more medical support. Many people had to make a dressing change.
Many had to take injections.
"They refused all our demands."
that some of the soldiers would be aware of Fadi's and Jihad's strength
of character, we asked if they ever encountered some sensitivity on
the part of the soldiers. "Seldom would you find someone with
feeling," was Fadi's response. "Maybe the girls, they would
have more feelings than men, but even they kept on laughing when they'd
see someone injured or in pain."
US soldiers are young, in their twenties, I don't believe that any
one of them will feel regret. Most of them were saying, 'If you do
any wrong thing I will kill you.' Most of them don't have feelings,
any kind of feelings. They just do what they are told to do."
don't care," Jihad added. "One soldier was in a truck and
she pointed at the American flag and she said, 'This is your flag.'"
they were finally brought before a tribunal, interrogators asked them
if they had any information about weapons of mass destruction or if
they knew the whereabouts of Saddam Hussein. The judge at the tribunal,
a military officer, determined that they should be released from administrative
detention. Soldiers drove them to Basra, the nearest large city, gave
them each five dollars, and set them free.
"the troublemakers" are deeply troubled by the fate of their
four companions who are still imprisoned at Umm Qasr, "guilty"
of being Palestinians.