NATO prophesied a Second Russian Offensive (SRO) on the muddy heals of rasputitsa. Then when queried, on February 13, about upcoming festivities, Secretary-General Stoltenberg imparted: "we are seeing the start already." The SRO crept imperceptibly. April Fools’ came early.
The Russo-Ukrainian War’s 800-kilometer front bisects the Donbas with a 240-kilometer incision. The SRO engages a segment of Donbas-situated line, with the Russian-held city, Donetsk, at its strategic core. The SRO’s operational theater contiguously connects 5 small Ukrainian-held cities: (north-to-south) Bakhmut, Chavis Yar, Avdiivka, Marinka, and Vuhledar.
As missiles fly, Bakhmut sits 120 kilometers northeast of Vuhledar. Curves add length to lines; as do flanks of advancing Russian saliants. From the saliant northwest of Bakhmut to the southwestern environs of Vuhledar – the SRO’s battleline extends 160 kilometers; a third laying within or along urban terrain.
SRO attacks occur along this Bakhmut-Vuhledar front-segment. (Exceptions being the thermobaric-assisted Tstentr Group raids north of Kreminna.)
Digging beneath these 5 cities for years, Ukrainians built warrens impervious to light artillery. Javelins checked Russian armor. Stingers repelled ground-support airstrikes. Therefore, the SRO deigns to overrun these cities with infantry.
On February 22 Ukraine’s Defense Ministry began providing daily tallies of SRO ground assaults. By March, 10,000 Russian infantry charged fortified Ukrainian positions – daily. Hundred-strong companies, accompanied by armored vehicles, attack freshly shelled targets along the Bakhmut-Vuhledar front. Ukraine reports up to 170 such attacks – daily.
The frontline separates Donetsk (pop 1.1 million) from 2 satellite cities, Avdiivka (prewar pop, 32,000) and Marinka (prewar pop, 10,000). Donetsk’s and Avdiivka’s downtowns were once a 10-minute spin away. Avdiivka’s abandoned. Every building’s been hit. Marinka got moonscaped. Ukrainians shell Donetsk from the Avdiivka-Marinka area, the capture of which is the SRO’s supreme mission.
Combatants near Avdiivka are never more than 200 meters apart. They’re often closer. They throw hand-grenades. Russian saliants annexed a dozen square kilometers on either side of Avdiivka. They’re now 7.5 kilometers apart. Encirclement looms. More urgently, Russians are breaching Avdiivka’s perimeter 3 to 4 times daily. Incursions penetrate hundreds of meters deep and kill hundreds of Ukrainians.
Russians have taken 3 square kilometers southeast of Marinka. They broke into west Marinka, March 8.
Twenty kilometers south and 20 west of Marinka one finds Vuhledar (pre-war pop, 14,000), the hub nearest the axismundi where the frontline turns 90-degrees westward. So far, the SRO has captured 70 square kilometers south of Vuhledar. Raids on Vuhledar’s southern outskirts prep an armored push.
Forty kilometers north of Avdiivka one arrives at Chavis Yar (prewar pop, 15,000). Chavis Yar, being 13 kilometers west-by-southwest of Bakhmut, serves as Bakhmut’s storage/supply nucleus. Bakhmut (prewar pop, 80,000) spans 42-square-k.
Of the 5 cities targeted by the SRO, Bakhmut possesses the least strategic value. Chavis Yar is command and logistics center for the Avdiivka-Bakhmut line. If Chavis Yar falls the Russians will:
- encircle Bakhmut;
- disrupt 40 kilometers of critical frontline; and,
- imperil supplies to Avdiivka, Marinka and Vuhledar.
Nevertheless, in mid-2022 Kyiv sent 8 elite brigades (32,000 troops) to Bakhmut. These soldiers endured artillery hammerings while Russians glacially pushed two saliants a few kilometers deep – north and south of Bakhmut. Fearing encirclement, NATO recommended a retreat before Russia’s offensive. AFP, DW, BBC, CBC and the US networks badgered Zelensky for clinging to this "merely symbolic" and "strategicallyirrelevant" town.
Zelensky, heeding other angels, eulogized Bakhmut as Ukraine’s "fortress" and fashioned "HoldBakhmut" into a patriotic war-cry.
The SRO yarded NATO’s dreads ashore. Saliants astride Bakhmut oozed toward Chavis Yar. The southern one is 4 kilometers from city limits; 150 meters from the Chavis Yar-Bakhmut railway. An arc of the northern saliant, 2 kilometers from Chavis Yar, seeps southward 300 meters per day.
Zelensky vacillated for weeks, then flip-flopped, then on March 7 addressed the planet via CNN to pitch "HoldBakhmut." Simultaneously, Bakhmut’s frontline collapsed!
This tragicomedy played-out because by February, 70% of the troops Ukraine sent to Bakhmut were statistics. Untrained, ill-equipped conscripts replaced them. During February, the SRO lashed thousands more casualties upon them. Bakhmut line life expectancy became measured in days.
In early March, this line stretched along 10 kilometers of eastern Bakhmut’s eastern outskirts. (The Bakhmutka River divides Bakhmut into 25-square-k western, and 17-square-k eastern, sections.)
Standard operating procedure for full-on frontal, brigade-size infantry assaults on fixed positions dictates that a 1,000-strong commando battalion of snipers, sappers and rocket-grenadiers blitz the line… amidst 3,500 target-dummies with minimal training and equipment.
In early March, Wagner Group began flinging brigade-size assaults at Bakhmut’s frontline. While 20,000 felon-soldiers got machine-gunned, tactical teams knifed through; ensconcing themselves several blocks behind enemy lines wherefrom they wrought havoc. Ukrainians fled en masse across the Bakhmutka. Subsequent fighting has seen:
- a third of western Bakhmut fall;
- protracted battles in the central business district; and,
- the entrapment of thousands of Ukrainians.
Bakhmut’s grander battleground is a 3-sided box open at the west by mercy of the winnowing gap between the Russian saliants approaching Chavis Yar. Its eastern front consists of 5 kilometers of blasted Bakhmutka beachfront. To behold this vista conscripts slog a 9-kilometer gauntlet from the burning suburbs of Chavis Yar. No mud-puddle in this box is further than 3 kilometers from Russian snipers or mortar-squads. Drones bespeckle the sky. As Russia readies annihilating barrages, Ukraine rushes in more soldiers!
Vladimir sharpens the cleaver. Volodymyr fattens the calf.
https://liveuamap.com/ (Ukrainian Ministry of Defense)
https://sputniknews.com/20230320/russias-special-military-operation-in-ukraine-and-how-it-is-progressing-1105665248.html (Russian Ministry of Defense)
These regularly updated maps identify the locations where the main action was occurring. Russian names for these locales were searched in: RIA Novosti, RT, TASS and Sputnik News etc. Ukrainian names were used when searching: AFP, AP, BBC, CBC, DW, Reuters, etc.
William Walter Kay is a researcher and writer from Canada. His most recent book is From Malthus to Mifepristone: A Primer on the Population Control Movement.
6 thoughts on “Vladimir Sharpens the Cleaver; Volodymyr Fattens the Calf”
So what comes now that Bakmut is being reinforced with western trained soldiers?
Due to the west’s overhwelming C4ISR advantage, slow steady progress punctuated by MoD clobber lists.
Here’s a breakdown of current RF tactics:
All that having been said, it’s unlikely that AFU/NATO forces will make much headway on any front due to severe logistical and supply issues. The VVS concentrates efforts on interdiction more than CAS, arty does the fire calls.
The C4ISR advantage you speak of is an illusion.
The Russians have already taken Bakhmut.
The AFU and their NATO backers are still in denial.
The soldiers were always western trained.
Nothing will change other than Bakhmut will fall to Russian forces.
There will be no “reinforcement” because there is nothing left to reinforce, the Russians are already within and around Bakhmut, what you see now is merely a mop up operation …
Pretty darned good article, Mr Kay- I’m really liking your writing style and command of lesser-used imagery.
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