Militarism as ‘Progress’

(FILES) Photo dated 25 February 1945 sho

This story from Der Speigel laments German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s reverting back to Germany’s post-WWII pacifist doctrine after years of gradual “steps towards normality” – where “normality” is militarism.

On April 2, 1993, the cabinet of then Chancellor Helmut Kohl approved the Bundeswehr’s first international combat mission, allowing German soldiers to participate in monitoring the no-fly zone over Bosnia. It was the first war in which the Bundeswehr was involved in combat operations.

Bosnia marked the beginning of a long path to normalization that Germany has followed since the end of the Cold War. Today the Bundeswehr is involved in 11 missions that have been approved by the parliament. Some 6,540 soldiers are currently deployed on foreign missions in the Balkans, Afghanistan and the Horn of Africa. “The mentality of Germans has changed when it comes to the use of military force,” says Defense Minister Thomas de Maizière. “We’ve come a long way in this respect.”

Horay! How pedestrian of them to have been so timid in their resumption of militarism.

The author goes on to bemoan Merkel’s cautious tempering of military engagement. The “coalition government consisting of Merkel’s conservative Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the liberal Free Democratic Party (FDP)” the author writes, “is in the process of dismantling the progress Germany has made in this respect.” Again, “progress” meaning shedding its aversion to militarism.

Be it out of conviction or the fear of voters, German foreign policy, under the leadership of Merkel and Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle, has returned to its former insecurity and unwillingness to engage. From Berlin’s abstention in the UN Security Council vote on Libya to its minimal involvement in Mali and its passive approach to the conflict in Syria, the country is avoiding military involvement at all costs.

This is doing serious harm to Germany’s international reputation. The concept of a “culture of military restraint,” which the foreign minister mentions at every opportunity, is vexing to Berlin’s allies. Now that the euro crisis has catapulted Germany into the role of Europe’s leading power on economic policy, it also faces heightened expectations in other respects. The contradiction between Germany’s economic strength and its military self-doubt is bigger than ever.

Needless to say, aversion to militarism is not something to lament. I’m not an expert on German foreign policy post-WWII, but – much to the ignorance of this Der Speigel piece – it is no accident that Germany and Japan ended up with explicitly pacifist doctrines after WWII. Both countries experienced the graphic rise of amplified militarism and, more than many other countries, ended up on the receiving end of the utter destruction the war brought. That combination tends to teach a society some lessons.

Some people, however, are resistant to those lessons, believing instead that militarism – not peace – is “progress.”

48 thoughts on “Militarism as ‘Progress’”

  1. Oh no! The Fourth Reich is on the march! Except that Germany and the rest of Europe are under the control of Zionists and communist commissars. And Merkel herself is a former East German communist. Also, the photo accompanying this article is of the victims of the firebombing of Dresden in 1945, a war crime and atrocity committed by the Americans and British, the mistakenly-called "good guys" of World War II.

  2. Both countries experienced the graphic rise of amplified militarism and, more than many other countries, ended up on the receiving end of the utter destruction the war brought. That combination tends to teach a society some lessons.

    Those "lessons" have power only for as long as the generations that directly experienced war and learned those lessons from it remains alive. Most Germans who were of age during World War II are now dead. The younger generation of Germans, while probably immersed in their youth by their parents and grandparents in stories of the horrors of war, have never experienced it themselves and therefore have no direct frame of reference as to the destructive ends that are ALWAYS militarism's direct result.

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  4. On April 2, 1993, the cabinet of then Chancellor Helmut Kohl approved the Bundeswehr’s first international combat mission, allowing German soldiers to participate in monitoring the no-fly zone over Bosnia. It was the first war in which the Bundeswehr was involved in combat operations.

  5. We are "over the edge". It made sense at certain times and in certain cases to manage things with weapons – as long it wasn't an attack but DEFENSE. But nowadays it burns at all places, we are surrounded by fires. Literally. Weapons can't solve our problems anymore. Not a SINGLE weapon.

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